Europe: A History by Leaders

England/Great Britain

802 - 1016
1016 - 1042
1042 - 1066
1066 - 25 October 1154
25 October 1154 - 1485
15 June 1215 - 1 May 1707
1455 - 1485
1485 - 1603
24 March 1603 - 1 August 1714
1 May 1707 - Present Day
1 August 1714 - 22 January 1901
22 January 1901 - Present Day

France

843 - 987
987 - 1328
1328 - 1589
March 1562 - April 1598
1589 - 21 September 1792
21 September 1792 - 18 May 1804
18 May 1804 - 11 April 1814
6 April 1814 - 23 February 1848
20 March 1815 - 8 July 1815
23 February 1848 - 2 December 1851
2 December 1851 - 4 September 1870
4 September 1870 - 22 June 1940
22 June 1940 - 25 August 1944
August 1944 - Present Day

Austria

976 - 1246
1246 - 11 November 1918
21 October 1919 - 12 March 1938
12 March 1938 - 27 April 1945
27 April 1945 - 27 July 1955
27 July 1955 - Present Day

German States/Germany

January 1, 900 - 13 November 1918
1083 - 29 November 1918
16 September 1180 - 13 November 1918
30 April 1415 - 18 November 1918
11 August 1919 - 23 March 1933
30 January 1933 - 8 May 1945
May 8, 1945 - September 12, 1990
3 October 1990 - Present Day

Spain

10 March 1126 - 23 March 1369
23 March 1369 - 23 January 1516
1516 - 1 November 1700
1 November 1700 - 6 May 1808
1701 - 7 September 1714
6 June 1808 - 11 December 1813
11 December 1813 - 30 September 1868
16 November 1870 - 11 February 1873
11 February 1873 - 29 December 1874
29 December 1874 - 14 April 1931
14 April 1931 - 1 April 1939
1 April 1939 - 20 November 1975
20 November 1975 - Present Day

Portugal

25 July 1139 - 22 October 1383
6 April 1385 - 31 January 1580
25 March 1581 - 1 December 1640
1 December 1640 - 4 October 1910
1 December 1640 - 13 February 1668
October 5, 1910 - Present Day

Netherlands

1384 - 1482
1482 - 26 July 1581
23 May 1568 - 24 October 1648
26 July 1581 - 19 January 1795
January 19, 1795 - June 5, 1806
5 June 1806 - 15 March 1815
15 March 1815 - Present Day

Italy

March 17, 1861 - October 28, 1922
31 October 1922 - 25 April 1945
25 April 1945 - Present Day

Russia

862 - 7 January 1598
7 January 1598 - 1 June 1605
17 January 1598 - 21 February 1613
19 May 1606 - 19 July 1610
21 February 1613 - 15 March 1917
9 November 1917 - 25 December 1991
25 December 1991 - Present Day

Poland

960 - 8 February 1296
8 February 1296 - 4 August 1306
20 January 1320 - 5 November 1370
17 November 1370 - 17 July 1399
17 July 1399 - 7 July 1572
16 May 1573 - 7 January 1795
7 January 1795 - 11 November 1918
11 November 1918 - 1 September 1939
1 September 1939 - 8 April 1945
8 April 1945 - 13 September 1989
13 September 1989 - Present

Sweden

970 - 1060
1060 - 1126
1130 - 2 February 1250
2 February 1250 - 15 February 1364
15 February 1364 - 24 February 1389
24 February 1389 - 6 June 1523
6 June 1523 - 6 June 1654
6 June 1654 - 29 February 1720
29 February 1720 - 25 March 1751
25 March 1751 - 5 February 1818
5 February 1818 - Present

Denmark

940 - 25 October 1047
25 October 1047 - 24 February 1389
24 February 1389 - 6 June 1523
6 June 1523 - 15 November 1863
15 November 1863 - Present

Events

24 October 1648
18 July 1815
11 November 1918
8 May 1945