The foundation of the Renaissance is born in Italy.


Giovanni Boccaccio writes the "Decameron"


-The "Decameron" features a series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories.
-It presents both tragic and comic views of life.

Cosimo de Medici controls Florence

1434 - 1464

-he dies in 1464
-His family continues to control the empire

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

-He was buried in the Chapel of Saint-Hubert after his death in 1519.
-Nobody knows why is writing is backwards

Hundred Years' War between France and England ends


-Many cities grew rapidly after this.
-Urban merchants became wealthy enough to sponsor artists.

Turks Conquer Constantinople


-Western scholars study ancient Latin manuscripts that had been preserved in monasteries.
-As a result of the invasion, Christian scholars flee to Rome with Greek manuscripts.

Donatello Sculpts David

1465 - 1499

-It was the first European sculpture of a large, free standing nude since ancient times.
-David was a favorite subject for sculptures of the period.

Lorenzo de Medici comes to Power


-His nickname is Lorenzo the Magnificent.
-He is the grandson of Cosimo de Medici


1475 - 1564

-His real name is Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni.
-He was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

-She was the daughter of Fabrizio Colonna.
-She shared a passionate friendship with Michelangelo.

Albrecht Durer travels to Italy to study


-after returning to germany, he produced woodcuts and engravings
-many of his prints portray religious subjects.

Michelangelo Sculpts David

1501 - 1504

-He portrayed the biblical hero just moments before battle.
-David's posture is graceful, yet strong.

Da Vinci Paints the Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

-It's thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini.
- It was acquired by King Francis I of France

Erasmus wrote "The Praise of Folly"


it was his most famous work
-he believed in christianity of the heart, not one of ceremonies or rules.

Niccolo Machiavelli writes "The Prince"


-"The Prince" examines the imperfect conduct of human beings.
- He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry.

Thomas More wrote "Utopia"


-his goal was to show a better model of society
-in Greek, Utopia means "No place."

Baldassare Castigilone writes "The Courtier"


-The point of the book was to teach people how to become "Renaissance men."
-It stated that a young man should be charming, witty, and educated ion the classics.

Flemish painting reached its peak with the work of Pieter Bruegel


-he was interested in realistic details of individual people.
-he was very skillful in portraying large numbers of people.

Reign of Queen Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

-she spoke french, italian, latin, and greek.
-she wrote poetry and music.

Shakespeare moved to London


-he wrote poems and plays
-he performed them at the globe theater