Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier in baseball.
Mexican Americans veterans founded the American GI Forum of the United States in 1948 in order to campaign for equal rights.
Laws in 21 states and the District of Colombia still enforced separate black and white public schools.
African Americans and Mexican Americans stepped up the struggle for equality.
In 1954, the same year as Brown v. Board of Education, Mexican Americans won an important legal battle when the Supreme Court ruled on the case of Hernandez v. Texas.
The Supreme Court ruled in Brown's favor.
Court cases were not enough to end discrimination, as Rosa Parks discovered in December 1955.
On December 5, 1955 most African Americans in Montgomery refused to travel by bus.
In 1956, almost a year after Rosa Parks had refused to move to the back of the bus, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on Alabama buses was unscontitutional.
Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus called out the National Guard in 1957 in order to keep African Americans students from attending all white Central High School in Little Rock.