Civil Rights Movement

Main

Baseball

1947 - 1953

Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier in baseball.

On Juries

1948

Mexican Americans veterans founded the American GI Forum of the United States in 1948 in order to campaign for equal rights.

Schools

1950

Laws in 21 states and the District of Colombia still enforced separate black and white public schools.

The Court Fight for Civil Rights

1950

African Americans and Mexican Americans stepped up the struggle for equality.

On Juries

1954

In 1954, the same year as Brown v. Board of Education, Mexican Americans won an important legal battle when the Supreme Court ruled on the case of Hernandez v. Texas.

Brown

1954

The Supreme Court ruled in Brown's favor.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Court cases were not enough to end discrimination, as Rosa Parks discovered in December 1955.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

On December 5, 1955 most African Americans in Montgomery refused to travel by bus.

The Boycott Continues

1956

In 1956, almost a year after Rosa Parks had refused to move to the back of the bus, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on Alabama buses was unscontitutional.

Desegregating Public Schools

1957

Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus called out the National Guard in 1957 in order to keep African Americans students from attending all white Central High School in Little Rock.