Civil Rights


Rosa Parks (Fighting for Integration on Buses)


Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white person. In 1955, black people were second-class so they had to give things up for white people. Rosa Parks refused to do so and therefore got arrested. Afterwards, blacks joined the Bus Boycott where they don't ride the bus to prove a point and to decrease the money white people get from the bus.

The Case of Emmett Till

August 24, 1955

Emmett Till was a native of Chicago visiting relatives in Mississippi. Emmett Till allegedly accosted, or aggressively approached, a white woman. The woman claims that he grabbed her and made lewd remarks, and others say he simply whistled. His cousins say that he whistled to cover a speech defect. Rob Bryant, the woman's husband and the storeowner, and his half brother, and possibly other accomplices set out to kidnap Emmett from his relatives' home. He beat him severely beyond recognition, and shot him and threw his body in the river. His body was found later and Rob Bryant and his half brother were charged with murder. The body was only recognized as Till because of a ring he wore. The all white male jury acquitted them of the crime. The murderers then confess and are convicted.

Little Rock Nine (Integration into Schools)


The Little Rock Nine were the first students to attend an all white high school. They were heavily guarded in case a white got too aggressive.

Greensboro Sit-Ins


The Greensboro Sit-Ins were performed Southern United States. They used the strategy of nonviolence. It took place in North Carolina.

The Freedom Riders


The freedom riders began in 1961. They were civil rights activists that wrote interstate buses into Southern Segregated States. They rode buses in mixed racial groups, challenging the law.

Birmingham Alabama Church Bombing


This event took place in 1963. It was the 16th St,Baptist Alabama Church Boming, as it commonly known. Four young girls were killed in the bombing. The church was a rally for civil rights talks and plans.

Bloody Sunday


Bloody Sunday took place in 1972. The march from Selma to Montgomery was interrupted by police shootings. It is also sometimes called the Bogside Massacre.