Pioneer experimental physiologist who was the first to prove the functional difference of the spinal nerves. A Magendie Eye is a medical condition caused by cerebellar lesions.
Physiologist: early advocate of anesthesia; proved that the mind is located in the brain, not the heart
Medical doctor and philosopher; started that Socrates and Pascal were insane
Neurologist and electrophysiologist; genuine smiles named "Duchenne smiles"
Physiologist; wrote "An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine"
Physician; study of the patient "Tan" led to the localization of speech production to the left inferior frontal region of the brain
Neurologist; studied and named neuronal diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease
Neurologist; published the first photographic atlas on the brain and nervous system in 1873 !
Neurologist; named and described the Cotard delusion (a patient's belief that they are dead, do not exist or do not have bodily organs)
Physiologist; won the Nobel Prize "in recognition of his work on anaphylaxis" in 1913
One of Marie's earlier contributions was a description of a disorder of the pituitary gland known as acromegaly. His analysis of the disease was an important contribution in the emerging field of endocrinology. Marie is also credited as the first to describe pulmonary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, cleidocranial dysostosis and rhizomelic spondylosis. In his extensive research of aphasia, his views concerning language disorders sharply contrasted the generally accepted views of Paul Broca (1824–1880).
Mentored by Charcot. French physician who could be classified today as a neurologist who is the eponym of Tourette syndrome, a neurological condition.
Neurologist; study of the plantar reflex led to understanding of brain and spinal cord injury (in patients who exhibit the Babinski sign/reflex)
"The Red and the Black"
• One of the earliest and foremost practitioners of realism
• Known for his acute analysis of his characters' psychology
Romantic poet and novelist most famous for his works "Les Misérables" and "Notre-Dame de Paris"
Coined the term "modernity" to the fleeting experience of ubran life.
His innovative prose-poetry style Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others.
•Exercised an extraordinary influence over Guy de Maupassant, Edmond de Goncourt, Alphonse Daudet, and Zola
• Founder of the Académie Goncourt.
• Académie awards the Prix Goncourt--the most prestigious prize in French language literature, given to "the best imaginary prose work of the year".
• Marcel Proust, Simone de Beauvoir, Michel Tournier, Marguerite Duras and Romain Gary (who exceptionally won it twice) are among the best-known authors who have won the century-old prize.
• Most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.
OMITTING THIS PERSON FOR NOW
Symbolist poet who explored the form and content in poems such as "Un coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard" ("A roll of the dice will never abolish chance")
Symbolist poet who used subtle suggestion, rhyme, and meter to evoke moods and emotions.
"Le Horla" (semi-autobiographical journal about madness and suicide)
Surrealist poet who examined sensory perception in "Le bateau ivre" ("The Drunken Boat") and the shifting nature of identity in his "Lettre du voyant" ("Letter of the Seer").
À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time)
•In Search of Lost Time examines the vast changes that occurred in France during the Third Republic and the fin de siècle, most particularly, the decline of the aristocracy and the rise of the middle classes.