Catherine the Great

Project for AP World History Oscar's

Main

Peter III

1729

Catherine's husband becomes Russia's ruler. He later was thrown off a short 6 months later due to a coup

Date of Birth

April 21, 1729

Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst is born to the Prince and Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst

Marriage

1745

Marries the Grand Duke Peter of Holstein

Reign of Empress

1762 - 1796

Catherine the Great takes over the throne

Elizabeth dies

January 5, 1762

Previous empress of Russia Elizabeth dies

Policies allowing foreign immigrants

1763

Part of her plan to boost Russia's economy

A puppet king

1764

Catherine names one of her followers, Stanislaw Poniatowski as the king of Poland. That way she can indirectly control the kingdom

Grain exports established

1764

Also part of her plan to boost the economy

Free Economic Society

1765

Legislative Commission

1767 - 1768

Catherine called for a session with all classes of Russia (with the exception of the serfs), where they tried to revise the old laws of Russia.

Victory at Cesme

1770

A naval battle between Turkey

The Plague

1770 - 1771

Uprising

1773

Yemelyan Pugachov impersonates Peter III and instigated a rebellion. Catherine sent troops to tone the problem but why is that a problem? Before this, Catherine planned on setting the serfs free. However, because of the rebellion, it made her more wary of how powerful a mass of peasants can be. Thus, she actually made more people serfs and by the end of her rule, nearly everyone in Russia were serfs.

Russia defeats Turkey

1774

Armed Neutrality of 1781

1781

The formation of a navy to retaliate against the British attacking on neutral shiplanes

Creation of The Bronze Horseman

1782

The Statue of Peter the Great in Senate Square

Crimea annexed from the Ottomans

1783

Russia gains Crimea

Plan for Education

1786

This is when Catherine starts implementing policies for greater education in Russia.

Poland divided up

1795

Catherine divides up Poland between her empire, Prussia, and Austria

End of the Empress

1796

Catherine the Great dies of a stroke