Forming Middle East-EmmaT

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Growth of the Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1699

There were many different ethnic groups within the empire. It had a strong bureaucratic ministry and the Turks were politically dominate over the other ethnic groups.

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

1699 - 1915

The edges of the empire were the first to split off.

Arab Nationalism

1880 - 2010

Arabs join together with a common purpose to achieve political and cultural goal (specifically their own homeland).

World War I

1914 - 1918

Armenian Genocide

1915

Turkish rulers were worried that Armenians were helping the Russians. Killed many Armenian leaders and intellectuals. Estimated 1-2 million Armenians killed by the Turks.

Hussein-McMahon Correspondence

1915

British promised Arabs independence and future country if Arabs revolt against Ottoman Turks (join with British).

Hussein-McMahon

1915

British Diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help.

Sykes-Picot Agreement

1916

A secret agreement between the British and French to divide up the Ottoman Empire of it failed.

Balfour Declaration

1917

The British promised to give the Jews and Zionists a homeland in Palestine.

Ataturk leads war of independence

1919

Fights against Western occupying forces and establishes an interdependent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.

Sykes-Picot agreement goes into effect

1920 - 1948

British control Palestine, Jordan and Iraq and establishes a Jewish homeland in Palestine following the Balfour Declaration.

France controls Syria and Lebanon.

Arab Revolt

1920

Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.