Forming Middle East-EmmaT


Growth of the Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1699

There were many different ethnic groups within the empire. It had a strong bureaucratic ministry and the Turks were politically dominate over the other ethnic groups.

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

1699 - 1915

The edges of the empire were the first to split off.

Arab Nationalism

1880 - 2010

Arabs join together with a common purpose to achieve political and cultural goal (specifically their own homeland).

World War I

1914 - 1918

Armenian Genocide


Turkish rulers were worried that Armenians were helping the Russians. Killed many Armenian leaders and intellectuals. Estimated 1-2 million Armenians killed by the Turks.

Hussein-McMahon Correspondence


British promised Arabs independence and future country if Arabs revolt against Ottoman Turks (join with British).



British Diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help.

Sykes-Picot Agreement


A secret agreement between the British and French to divide up the Ottoman Empire of it failed.

Balfour Declaration


The British promised to give the Jews and Zionists a homeland in Palestine.

Ataturk leads war of independence


Fights against Western occupying forces and establishes an interdependent Turkey. Leads country in secular reforms.

Sykes-Picot agreement goes into effect

1920 - 1948

British control Palestine, Jordan and Iraq and establishes a Jewish homeland in Palestine following the Balfour Declaration.

France controls Syria and Lebanon.

Arab Revolt


Arab populations revolt against European colonial rule.