The empire was ruled by a Bureaucratic ministry. The rulers were Turkish Muslims and the seed of power is what is now modern day Turkey.
The outer fringes of the empire were the first to split off into what is now the middle east.
Arabs join together with the common purpose to achieve political and cultural goals. Specifically they wanted their own home land.
The first world war with two sides, the Allied powers and the Axis powers.
The Turks believed the Armenians were helping the Russians, so they killed many Armenians. Estimated 1-2 million people were killed.
British promise Arabs independence and future country if Arabs revolt against Ottoman Turks, aka Join the British.
British Diplomat McMahon writes to Sharif Hussein, with a vague promise of homeland if Ottoman Empire breaks up with Arab help.
Secret agreement between British and French to divide up the Ottoman Empire if it failed.
The British promised to the Zionist leaders their own home land in Palestine.
Araturk leads war of independence against Western forces. He establishes independence for Turkey.
The Sykes-Picot agreement goes into effect. The British Mandate of Palestine puts into place the Balfour Declaration.
Abdullah ibn Hussein is the new leader of Transjordan. His brother becomes the Iraqi leader.
Ataturk is elected president of Turkey.