Empire extended all the way into north Africa, western parts of the Middle East, north of Turkey, and thus included a number of ethnic and religious groups in empire. Rulers were Turkish Muslims in Turkey.
Decline of Ottoman Empire
1700 - 1915
Empire shrinks until modern day Turkey is only whats left of Ottoman Empire in 1915
1880 - 2010
Arabs join together to fight for independence from Ottoman Empire and to gain their own homeland.
1914 - 1918
British promise new homeland for Arabs if they revolt against Ottoman Turks. (Join British)
Turkish rulers attempt to exterminate Armenian population because they thought they were helping Russians. Estimated 1-2 million people killed by the Turks.
McMahon promises homeland to Hussein in letter if his Arabs help break up Ottoman Empire.
Secret agreement between British and French to divide up Ottoman Empire if it failed
British promise a Jewish homeland in Palestine to the Zionist leaders. Declaration says it will not harm the rights of the Arabs already living in Palestine.
Kemal Turk leads Turkey in War of Independence and establishes sovereign Turkey.
1920 - 1930
Arab populations all over Middle East revolt against European rule.
Sykes-Picot Agreement goes into effect
British control Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq and establishes Jewish homeland in Palestine.
French control Syria and Lebanon