3 Texas Industries

Railroad, Oil, and Cattle

Railroad Industry

Railroadtrack was built between Caddo Lake and Marshall


Railroad service was ready to begin, but the steam locomotive, which was being shipped by river boat, had not arrived. So three oxen pulled the cars from Caddo Lake to Marshall, TX. That was the first railroad transportation used by the Marshall Railroad Depot.

The Marshall Railroad Company becomes the Texas & Pacific Railway Company


For years the trains from Marshall, TX only ran to Longview, TX and Shreveport, LA. The people of Harrison County offered to loan money, and the City of Marshall donated land so that the Texas and Pacific Railway company would move to Marshall. T&P President George Jay Gould agreed and moved the T&P workshops and general offices for Texas to Marshall. The Marshall Railroad Company was allowed to build a railroad from Marshall all the way to the Pacific Coast (California). This is when the Marshall Railroad Company changed its name to the Texas & Pacific Railway Company.

Marshall, TX became home to the railroad shops and population grew.


The shops were built up and down these tracks. The shops built the equipment needed to run the Texas & Pacific Railroads. Marshall's population grew a lot because people came to Marshall from all over the world, and even whole families, to work for the Texas & Pacific Railway Company.

Marshall's Texas & Pacific Railroad Depot was built in Marshall, TX.


George Jay Gould stops being the president of the T&P Railroad Company.


John J. Lancaster took leadership of the company.

Marshall's industry increased with discovery of oil.


At the time, the largest oil field in the world was located in Kilgore, TX.

An underground tunnel is built for safe access to the T&P Railway Depot.


The tunnel was built so people could safely get to the T&P Railway Depot that was built between two railroad tracks.

Marshall's railroad industry declined.


After World War II ended, the Texas & Pacific Railway Company stopped using steam locomotives and started using diesel engines, traveling by airplane became popular, and Interstate highways were built making it easy to travel by car.

Marshall's T&P shops closed.


Marshall's T&P Railroad Depot stops transporting people.


Although the transportation of people stopped, the Railroad Depot still transported goods.

Texas & Pacific Railway Company joins Missouri & Pacific Railway Company.


Years later the company's name was changed to the Union Pacific Railway Company. From 1976 on, is when the railroads expanded through out Texas.

Oil Industry

Spanish explorers to the Texas coast find oil along the shoreline

July 1543

Lyne T. Barrett drills Texas's first producing oil well


Railroads transport oil instead of coal


Exploration in Upper Gulf Coast and Beaumont


Spindletop field is founded

Lucas No. 1 drilling pipe blows in Beaumont, TX


It spewed more than 100 ft.

17.5 million barrels of oil produced


17.5 million barrels of oil were produced in 1902, and it was sold for 3 cents a barrel

Oil Production Taxes Established


Production Taxes- $1 million


Columbus Joiner unsuccessfully drills two dry holes in Kilgore, TX


Production Taxes- $6 million


Lou Della Crim blows 22,000 barrels a day

December 27, 1929

Rusk County, Daisy Bradford No. 3 oil field is founded by Columbus Joiner

October 1930

Biggest oil field of all in Texas

Connolly Hot Oil Act


It restored order and stability

Production Taxes- $376 million


Cattle Industry

Cattle drives go west to California

1850 - 1859

After 1850, cattle drives went to the California gold fields because they could get better prices in San Francisco than in Texas ($5 to $10 a head in Texas vs. 20 times that in California). By 1859, the price of cattle in California had slumped, and so most of the drives to the West coast had ended.

Cattle ranching almost non-existent

1861 - 1865

More than 4 million cattle travel through Ft. Worth

1866 - 1890

Ranching and trailing begins to boom


During the Civil War, cattle ranching became almost non-existent until 1866 when ranching and trailing began to boom.

The railroad arrives in Ft. Worth


From then on, Ft. Worth became a major shipping point for livestock.

Construction begins on Union Stockyards


Union Stockyards goes into business


Greenleif Simpson buys the Union Stockyards Company


Simpson buys the Union Stockyards Company for over $130,000


Civil War begins


Civil War ends


WWI begins


WWI ends


WWII begins


WWII ends


Vietnam War begins


Vietnam War ends