In the mid 1400's a German man, Gutenberg, created the printing press. The printing press allowed a worker to put letters into a frame spread the ink over and print the text much quicker. The first bible was printed in Latin but thanks to the printing press it was able to be printed in other languages too.
Discovered the Americas.
Erasmus wrote a book that listed the problems of the church. His work laid foundations for Luther's Reformation
Martin Luther added his voice to the call of reform. He posted a list of complaints to the door of the church, these complaints were called the 95 theses.
William Tyndale translated the bible into English. This allowed other people to read the bible and start to question the practices of the church leaders who were corrupt.
He founded the Jesuits, the Society of Jesus. The Jesuits were one of the major spearheads of the Counter-Reformation.
King Henry VIII was a major figure of the reformation
Francis Xavier was one of the original Jesuits and one of the best missionaries of all time. He was invited to go to the East Indies by John III of Portugal.
Nicolas Copernicus was a polish astronomer wrote a book that marked the beginning of scientific revolution. Copernicus' book was called "On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres" said that earth was the center of the universe
The Council of Trent clarified the church teachings that had been criticized by protestant. the result of the Council of Trent was the selling of indulgence is banned. Bishops must live in the areas the oversee. The ideas of martin Luther, Calvin, and other reformation are rejected.
Hugenots were french Protestants. They Sided with martin Luther's ideas about the church.
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre was the worst event in the war. In one night catholic rioters killed about 3,000 protestants! The day after riots broke out all over France.
Tycho Brahe emphasized the importance observing carefully and detailed, accurate records. He charted positions of more than 750 stars. This made evidence and facts important to astronomers.
Galileo Galilei was one of the most important scientists of the scientific revolution. He was the first person to study the sky with a telescope , withe the telescope he discovered craters and mountains on the moon. Galileo also discovered that moons orbit Jupiter
Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Year’ War. It allowed rulers to determine whether their countries would be Catholic or Protestant. This is the beginning s of freedom of religion in the United States.
Sir Issac newton was one of the greatest and most influential scientists that ever lived.. He made many theories that are now laws and reviewed everything scientist had been learning.