"International Committee for Relief to the Wounded" founded by Henry Dunant and Gustave Moynier, the start of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Public Welfare Committee of Geneva convened for first time, the start of the ICRC.
Official Name: Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field
The Geneva Convention is a peace treaty which proposed to make signatories provide medical attention to any wounded soldiers, regardless of which side they were on. Delegates from many independent countries attended the meeting. The meeting also agreed to use the red cross symbol to identify medical personnel on the battlefield.
Contained laws for warfare, which banned certain types of weapons such as poison, poison gas, and bullets. It also created the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which resolves disputes involving large powers.
Official Name: Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
It extended the rules of the Geneva Convention to naval combat.
Made some minor modifications to the decisions made to the Hague Convention of 1899.
Official Name: Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
It defined humanitarian protections for Prisoners of War.
Official Name: Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
It defined the humanitarian protections for civilians in a war zone, and banned signatories from devoting all its resources to war.
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. Protocol 2 relates to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts.
Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem.
Adopted the Red Crystal Emblem as a symbol to protect medical and humanitarian personnel, along the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
It provided supplies and relief to victims on both sides of the Spanish Civil War.
Worked to help civilians cope with life during wartime, but was powerless to stop the German Holocaust.
Since most of the countries participating in the war had not signed the Geneva Conventions, the ICRC couldn't do as much to help. The ICRC was also denied access to POW camps in this war.
Was successful at carrying out humanitarian activities in the field during and after this war.
Carried out operations in extreme and precarious conditions and treated the wounded at a field hospital.
Delivered vast amounts of relief goods to members of the civilian population following a Nigerian civil war.
Acted as a neutral intermediary between two conflicting parties. Made visits to jails, detention camps, etc. in these countries. ICRC was not always granted access to all victims.
Helped provide clean water and basic sanitation to civilians during the war.
Made appeals to both sides to respect international humanitarian law such as the Geneva Conventions.
Helped repatriate civilians and POW's after the war.
Helped groups threatened by the genocide and people displaced by the genocide. After the conflict, ICRC helped reunite children with their families. It also provided food, essential items, drinking water, and medical care.
What consists of "terrorist acts" are usually banned under international humanitarian law. The ICRC had to continually step in to defend humanitarian laws, in particular, ones relating to the protection of captured civilians and soldiers. The U.S. still occupies Afghanistan to this date.