Social 30-1


Gay Rights


Idea that gives homosexual males and females the right to marriage.


September 11 2001

Four coordinated terrorist attacks, upon the US in New York city and the D.C area.
Killed almost 3000 people.



Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Major outbreak between November 2002 and July 2003, an outbreak of SARS in South China and then Hong Kong nearly became a pandemic, with 8,273 cases and 775 deaths worldwide

Economics - Liberal (Capitalism)

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Fall in stock prices, Stock market crashed, International trade plunged by 50%, Unemployment rose and banks foreclosed.

World Bank


Aimed to reduce poverty and guided by foreign investment and international trade.

International Monetary Fund


Initiated at the Bretton Woods conference. Its stated goal was to assist in the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system post-World War II. Countries contribute money to a pool through a quota system from which countries with payment imbalances can borrow funds temporarily.

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1952

American program in which the U.S gave economic support to rebuild European economies to prevent the spread of Communism

Chicago School Of Economics


Term coined in the 1950's in reference to the Economics department at Chicago University and their teachings based on Keynesian economics.

Ronald Reagan

January 20 1981 - January 20 1989

40th president of US

Supply side economic policies dubbed "Reaganomics" advocated reducing tax rates to spur economic growth controlling the money supply to reduce inflation, deregulation of the economy and reducing government spending.

Stephen Lewis

1984 - 1988

Canadian ambassador to UN

Free Trade Agreement


Elimination of Tariffs, Quotas, preference on goods and services traded between them.

George H Bush

January 20 1989 - January 20 1993

41st US president

Exxon Valdez

March 24 1989

Second largest oil spill in history.

Bill Clinton

January 20 1993 - January 20 2001

42nd President of US

He presided over the longest period of peace time and economic expansion in American history

Signed NAFTA


January 1 1994

North American Free Trade Agreement.
It united Canada, U.S and Mexico into free trade.

George W Bush

January 20 2001 - January 20 2009

43rd President of the US

President during 9/11 attacks , responded with Bush Doctrine and started war in Iraq

Kyoto Protocol

2008 - 2012

Binding obligation on industrialized countries to reduce emissions of green house gasses. Adopted by parties to the UNFCCC in 1997, entering into force in 2005. First commitment period was 2008 - 2012

Economics - Illiberal (Socialism)



Concern for environmental conservation and improvement of the health of the environment.


1947 - 1994

General agreement on tariffs and trade.
Multilateral agreement regulating international trade.
Replaced by WTO in 1995

World Health Organization

April 7 1948

Specialized agency of the UN concerned with international public health.

Naomi Klein

May 8 1970

Author against corporate globalization

She wrote The Shock Doctrine

European Union


Policies aimed to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital and maintain common policies on trade.



World Trade Organization.
Global international organization dealing in rules of trade between nations.

Politics - Liberal (Democracy)

Friedrich Hayek

May 8 1899 - March 23 1992

Economist and philosopher. best known for his defense of classical liberalism

Milton Friedman

July 31 1912 - november 16 2006

Nobel prize in economic sciences.
invented Monetary theory.


February 22 1921 - April 1 1991

Committee responsible for economic planning in the Soviet Union.

New Deal

1933 - 1936

Ordered laws passed by congress during president Roosevelt's first term, in response to the great depression.
Relieve, Recovery and Reform

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

March 4 1933 - April 12 1945

32nd President of the US.

Created the New Deal

Pulled US out of economic depression

Bretton Woods

July 1 1944 - July 22 1944

Gathering of 730 delegates from all 44 allied nation and Mt. Washington hotel


April 4 1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Intergovernmental military alliance.
Alliance in war between between 28 states.

Berlin Wall

August 13 1961 - October 3 1990

Split land from west Berlin to east Berlin. The wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements from inspiring the will of the people to build a socialist state.

Margaret Thatcher

May 4 1979 - November 28 1990

PM of the UK

Longest serving British PM of the 20th century and the only women to have held the office.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms


Guarantees certain political and civil rights to all Canadian citizens.

Brian Mulroney

September 17 1984 - June 25 1993

18th PM of Canada

Leader of progressive conservative party of Canada, introduced major economic reforms such as Canada-US free trade agreement and Goods and Services tax (GST).

Perestroika and Glasnost


Policy of maximal publicity, openness, and transparency in the activities of all government institutions in the Soviet Union, aimed to reduce corruption at the top of the Soviet Union.

Fall of Communism

1989 - 1991

Revolution overthrowing communist states.

Kofi Annan

January 1 1997 - December 31 2006

Secretary general of the UN

Won a noble peace prize for founding the global AIDS and health fund to support developing countries in their struggle to care for their people. He quit after becoming frustrated with UN's lack of process in regard to conflict resolution.

Battle in Seattle

November 30 1999

Protest of around 40,000 people against the WTO

Millennium Summit

September 6 2000 - September 8 2000

A meeting among many world leaders to discuss the role of the UN.189 member states of the United Nations agreed to help citizens in the world's poorest countries to achieve a better life by the year 2015

Patriot Act

October 26 2001

Providing appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism.

Politics - Illiberal (Dictatorship)

War Measures Act


Provided for the declaration of war invasion or insurrection and the types of emergency measures that could be taken. Brought into force three times.

Mao Zedong

March 20 1943 - April 24 1969

First chairman of the communist party of China

Founding father of the Peoples republic of China

Chinese Revolution

1949 - 1950

Second part of Chinese civil war "war of liberation".
Kuomintng or Chinese nationalist party and the Communist party of china, in an all out war between these forces.

Deng Xiaoping

June 28 1981 - November 9 1989

Chairman of the Central Advisory Commission of the Communist Party.

Mikhail Gorbachev

March 15 1990 - December 25 1991

President of the Soviet Union,