Cold War

Monday

Yalta Conference

02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945

WWII meeting of leaders of United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union. Leaders were Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joesph Stalin. The meeting was intended to discuss the re-establishment of the nations affected by the war in Europe.

VE Day

05/08/1945

WWII allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany

Potsdam Conference

07/17/1945 - 08/02/1945

Harry Truman, Joesph Stalin, and Winston Churchill agreed on a plan to reconstruct Germany

VJ Day

08/15/1945

The day Japan surrendered, effectively ending WWII.

Berlin Wall

08/13/1961

Was built to separate east and west Berlin because of their differing governments and to stop the emigration out of east Berlin.

Tuesday

Marshall Plan

04/01/1948

U.S. gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of WWII in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.

Berlin Blockade

06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949

The Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control.

Mao Zedong Took Control of China

08/01/1949

In this position he converted China into a single-party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society.

Soviets First Atomic Bomb

08/29/1949

The Soviet Union conducted its first weapon test of an implosion-type nuclear device, code-name First Lightning. With the success of this test, the Soviet Union became the second nation after the United States to detonate a nuclear device.

Korean War

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.

Wednesday

House Un-American Activities Committee

01/01/1947

In 1947, the committee held nine days of hearings into alleged communist propaganda and influence in the Hollywood motion picture industry. After conviction on contempt of Congress charges for refusal to answer some questions posed by committee members, the "Hollywood Ten" were blacklisted by the industry.

Hollywood Blacklisting

11/25/1947

Artists were barred from work on the basis of their alleged membership in or sympathy toward the American Communist Party, involvement in liberal or humanitarian political causes that enforcers of the blacklist associated with communism, and/or refusal to assist investigations into Communist Party activities; some were blacklisted merely because their names came up at the wrong place and time

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Convicted

03/29/1951

They were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war, and executed. Their charges were related to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.

John F. Kennedy was Elected President

11/08/1960

Kennedy defeated Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the 20th century.

Thursday

Vietnam War

11/01/1955 - 04/30/1975

The U.S. government viewed involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment.

Cuban Missile Crisis

11/01/1962 - 11/14/1962

Was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other. It was one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict.