Middle Ages

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Middle Ages

Roman Empire

44 BC - 476

One of the longest empires and ruled by many people

Byzantine Empire

395 - 1453

he Roman Empire as it existed during the Middle Ages, centered on the capital of Constantinople, and ruled by the Byzantine emperors, direct successors to the ancient Roman emperors. It was called the Roman Empire by its inhabitants and neighbors.

Vikings

425 - 1066

Very brutal men that raped and pillaged most of Europe. They were very gruesome and the names of some were horrific. They were religious but later converted to the catholic.

Fall of Roman Empire

476

Middle Ages

476 AD - 1492 AD

People use the phrase “Middle Ages” to describe Europe between the fall of Rome in 476 CE and the beginning of the Renaissance in the 14th century. Many scholars call the era the “medieval period” instead; “Middle Ages,” they say, incorrectly implies that the period is an insignificant blip sandwiched between two much more important epochs.

Franks

500 AD - 841 AD

The Franks were a tribe of Germans that settled down and created the first northwestern European nation state under Charlemagne. This was very influential on the development of further nation states and empire in Europe during the middle age

Start of the Islamic Empire

511

Islamic empire

511 - 1031

The Islamic Empire was one of world's most largest and powerful empires in the World. It was expected to last at least half a millennium but it lasted longer. It began in 1299 all the way up to the end of World War I in 1918. It started in Saudi Arabia by Prophet Muhammad and spread across the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Persia, Pakistan, Northern India, Afghanistan, Iraq, Northern Africa even parts of Europe. It was the home to many fine leaders such as Suleiman the Magnificent and Saladin the Great. It was also the center of the world for Architecture, Art, Mathematics, Astronomy etc.

Feudalism

546 - 800

The separation of classes between kings, church officials, nobles, knights and pesants

Charles Martel

732

Charles Martel stops the Muslims to gain Europe

Charlemagne's Empire

800

Charlemagne began his leadership

Treaty of Verdun

843

A treaty signed to develop land equally between three kings

Battle of Hastings

1066

Battle in England between kings

Start of the first Crusade

1095

Pope Urban ii

1st Crusade

1095 - 1099

The First Crusade was proclaimed by Pope Clement II in 1095, with the stated purpose of driving the Seljuk Turks out of Anatolia, where they were threatening the Eastern Roman Empire, centered in Constantinople. In this the Crusaders were largely unsuccessful, as theTurks were much better organized and led. Very soon, Crusaders changed their goals from preserving the Empire to conquering Jerusalem from Muslim control. They were partially successful in this, setting up several Crusader States - European-controlled enclaves in modern day Israel, Lebanon and Syria. Some remained in

End of the first Crusade

1099

2nd Crusade

1144 - 1150

Launched in response to the capture of Odessa by Muslims in 1144, the Second Crusade was accepted by European leaders primarily due to the tireless effort of St. Bernard of Clairvaux who traveled across France, Germany, and Italy to exhort people to take up the cross and reassert Christian domination in the Holy Land. The kings of France and Germany answered the call but the losses to their armies were devastating and they were easily defeated.

3rd Crusade

1189 - 1192

The news of the taking of Jerusalem spread consternation throughout western Christendom. The cry for another crusade arose on all sides. Once more thousands of men sewed the cross in gold, or silk, or cloth upon their garments and set out for the Holy Land. When the three greatest rulers of Europe - King Philip Augustus of France, King Richard I of England, and the German emperor, Frederick Barbarossa assumed the cross, it seemed that nothing could prevent the restoration of Christian supremacy in Syria. These great rulers set out, each at the head of a large army, for the recovery of the Holy City of Jerusalem.

The Great War

1337 - 1453

War fought between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France

Fall of Middle Ages

1453