United States History Timeline Project

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Presidents

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - 1881

James A. Garfield

1881

Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Herbert Hoover

March 4 1929 - March 4 1933

President when the Stock Market crash and was widely held responsible for the crash

FDR

March 4 1933 - April 12 1945

Considered one of the best presidents of all time and the only president to serve four terms

Harry S. Truman

April 12 1945 - January 20 1953

The first running mate of FDR in 1944 and his successor when FDR passed away.

Imperialism

Seward's Folly

1867

William H. Seward signs a treaty with Russia to purchase Alaska form them for $ 7 million. many thought it was a pointless buy in that Alaska is so far away however it did pay off because they found oil and other resources.

Annexation of Hawaii

1898

in 1898 Congress voted to annex Hawaii and in 1893 we overthrew her queen

Spanish American War

April 25 1898

started by the explosion of the maine and many people blamed the Spanish and so It started this war this was where Roosevelt had his rough riders.

Open Door Policy

1899

We made it so that China is open to trade

Panama Canal

1904

The Canal that cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key canal in Trade routes

Progressive Era

Transcontinental Railroad

1863 - 1869

a railroad constructed across the Western U.S. which went from the Pacific Coast at San Francisco Bay with the already built Eastern United states rail road in Iowa on the Missouri River

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

.The Union is restored
.Southern Economic rebuilding begins
.African Americans are granted citizenship and voting rights
.Freedman's Bureau helps African Americans get education, housing, and jobs
.Public school system in the south

Standard Oil Company

1870

Started by John D. Rockefeller, it was an oil Company which began to gain great success as he began to give oil to the already widely popular railroad trains and eventually more and more things used oil eventually the Car and so it stayed successful for decades until it was shut down after John D. Rockefeller was sued for having a monopolie.

15th Amendment

Feb 3 1870

Decisions of whether someone can vote or not will not be based on race. Basically allowing people of any race to vote.

Square Deal

1901 - 1909

Roosevelt's Administration plan which included:
Antiquities act: 1906 gave the president authority to restrict use of particular public land of America.
Hepburn Act: 1906 strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 were both brought about by Upton Sinclair's The Jungle. Which showed the disgusting environment in which meat workers had.

NAACP

1909

an American civil rights organization which fought for the rights of African Americans.

New Freedom

1913 - 1917

Wilson Shaped his ideas into this program which he called his "New Freedom" His plan looked muh like Roosevelt's New Nationalism. It would place strict government controls on corporations. Among other things.

16th Amendment

February 3 1913

establishes an income tax

19th Amendment

August 18, 1920

Women gain Voting rights

Gilded Age

13th Amendment

Dec 16 1865

Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.

14th Amendment

July 9 1868

Defines citizenship as people born in the US and prohibits the states from denying due process and equal protection under the law. Also states that the value of the debt must always be paid and honored, and cannot be questioned. Also excludes women from voting.

Roaring Twenties

18th Amendment

January 16 1919

Prohibition

Harlem Renaissance

1920

Literature and art express pride and aspirations of African Americans

Radio Station KDKA

November 2 1920

Worlds first commercial Radio Station.

Industrialism

Bessemer Process

1855

Henry Bessemer developed a process for purifying iron, resulting on strong, but lightweight, steel. American industries quickly adopted it and by 1890 United States was outproducing British steel manufacturers.

Homestead Strike

July 6, 1892

Ordered by Henry Frick, It was at Carnegie's Homestead Factory, Factory workers took over the factory and so he hired the Pinkerton to go and ask them to leave and when they didn't the Pinkerton's began attacking the protesting workers and it lead to the death of multiple workers

Model T

1908

First car that was made available to the public by Henry Ford It was at a price which was primarily affordable by the public

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

March 25 1911

A terrible factory fire in which the women working in the factory had no way to get out and so some jumped out of the window and sadly lead to the death of 146

WW1

Treaty of Versailles

28 June 1919

One of the Peace Treaties at the end of World War 1 unfortunately it only left a setting for World War 2

WW2

Holocaust

November 9, 1938

The Nazi attempt to kill all jews under their control. They killed anyone who weren't consider Aryan.

Lend-lease act

March 11 1941

It was formerly known as: the act to further promote the defense of the United States.
it was an act signed to help Britain and China and give them aid.
It was an act that formerly ended American neutrality

Pearl Harbor

December 7 1941

A day that will live in infamy for Americans was when the Japanese bombed American an assortment of cruisers and battleships in pearl harbor.

Japanese internment camps

1942

the internment of Japanese americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor

Bataan Death March

April 9, 1942

was the forcible transfer by the Japenese Army of 60-80,000 and American prisoners of war after the three- month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War 2.

Battle of Midway

4 June 1942

When the American navy defeated the Japanese navy in a huge naval battle.

D-Day

June 6, 1944

Normandy Landings 24,000 American, British and Canadian troops it consisted both of the beach and airborne landings.

Battle of the Bulge

16 December 1944

was a major German surprise attack and it completely caught the Americans off guard, it became the costliest battle in terms of casualties for the US however it depleted Germany's warmaking resources and was their final offensive operation.

United Nations

25 April 1945

founded after World War 2 to replace the league of Nations

V-E day

8 May 1945

A public holiday celebrated to mark the day that the Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Germany and the end of the Third Riech thus ending the war in Europe

Atomic Bombs

6 August 1945

America dropped two Atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Great depression

black tuesday

October 1929

the day that the stock market crashed and really sent the country into the depression

Dust Bowl

1930

a series of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian lands.

New Deal

1933

FDR's policy for domestic economic programs.

Fireside chats

1933

a series of thirty radio adresses given by FDR in 1933 threw 1944 and these speechs were widely listened to by americans.

Second New Deal

1935

In his adress for congress FDR said there were three major goals:
nation welfare (WPA), improved use of national resources, security against old age.

Court Packing

1937

a legislative initiative by FDR to put more justices on the Supreme court.

Munich Pact

September 29 1938

Was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of Czechoslovakia's areas along the countries borders mainly inhabited by German speakers.