The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron
January 31 1865
With the purchase of Alaska, negotiated by William Seward, the United States acquired an area twice as large as Texas, but it was not until the great Klondike gold strike in 1896 that Alaska came to be seen generally as a valuable addition to American territory.
march 2 1867
reconstructing the south
July 9 1868
expanded civil rights
May 10 1869
uniting the west to the east
Standard Oil Company
it was the largest oil refiner in the world. Its controversial history as one of the world's first and largest multinational corporations ended in 1911, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that Standard was an illegal monopoly. It was founded byJohn D. Rockefeller
February 3 1870
blacks the right to vote
The Panama Canal (Spanish: Canal de Panamá) is a 48-mile (77.1 km) ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade. There are locks at each end to lift ships up to Gatun Lake (85 feet (26 m) above sea-level). Gatun Lake was created to reduce the amount of work required for the canal. The current locks are 110 feet (33.5 m) wide. A third, wider lane of locks is being built.
June 30, 1892
The Homestead Strike was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892.
Annexation of Hawaii
A key provisioning spot for American whaling ships, fertile ground for American protestant missionaries, and a new source of sugarcane production, Hawaii's economy became increasingly integrated with the United States. An 1875 trade reciprocity treaty further linked the two countries and U.S. sugar plantation owners from the United States came to dominate the economy and politics of the islands. When Queen Liliuokalani moved to establish a stronger monarchy, Americans under the leadership of Samuel Dole deposed her in 1893.
The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, effectively the result of American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. American attacks on Spain's Pacific possessions led to involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately to the Philippine–American War.
Open Door Policy
The Open Door Policy is a concept in foreign affairs, which refers to the policy in 1899 allowing multiple Imperial powers access to China, with none of them in control of that country.
The Square Deal was President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection
is an automobile that was produced by Henry Ford's Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908 to May 27, 1927.] It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American
is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States. Its mission is “to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination”. Its name, retained in accordance with tradition, uses the once common term colored people
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City on March 25, 1911, was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city of New York and resulted in the fourth highest loss of life from an industrial accident in U.S. history.
the New Freedom comprises the campaign speeches and promises of Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential campaign. They constituted the reforms promoted by Wilson. They called for less government, but in practice as president he added new controls such as the Federal Reserve System and the Clayton Antitrust Act
February 3, 1913
The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results
January 16, 1919
The Eighteenth Amendment \ of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States
Treaty of Versailles
28 June 1919
The Treaty of Versailles (French: le Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I
The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the 1920s. At the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke.
August 18, 1920
prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex
Radio Station KDKA
November 2, 1920
is a radio station licensed to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Created by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation
The day Wall Street Crash also known as Black Tuesday
1930 - 1940
or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s.
The New Deal was a series of domestic economic programs enacted in the United States
The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio addresses given by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt
adding new jugs that you select
second New Deal
The Second New Deal is the term used by commentators at the time and historians ever since to characterize the second stage of the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of Czechoslovakia's areas along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined.
the genocide of Jews and Catholics and minority's
giving arms and money to country's fighting in ww2
Japanese Interment camps
War Relocation Camps of about 110,000 people of Japanese heritage who lived on the Pacific coast of the United States. The U.S. government ordered the internment shortly after the Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.[
Dec 7 1941
The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941 brought the United States into World War II
the boom that would end wars
Battle of Midway
was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II
Bataan Death March
April 9, 1942
which began on , was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60-80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II
the biggest invasion of all time
Battle of the Bulge
was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe
Victory in Europe Day
is an international organization whose stated aims include promoting and facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, civil rights, civil liberties
March 1861 - April 15, 1865
Lincoln led the United States through its greatest constitutional, military, and moral crises—the American Civil War—preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, strengthening the national government and modernizing the economy.
April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869
March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1877
March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881
March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881
March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1897
March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901
September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909
March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913
March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1921
March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933
Hoover, a globally experienced engineer, believed strongly in the Efficiency Movement, which held that the government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste, and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. He also believed in the importance of volunteerism and of the role of individuals in society and the economy.
1933 - 1945
32nd President of the United States and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party and the only American president elected to more than two terms, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics after 1932, as his domestic policies defined American liberalism for the middle third of the 20th century.