Corporation founded by John D. Rockefeller to distribute oil. Used horizontal integration to increase its power.
A process for purifying iron, resulting in strong, lightweight steel. Allowed bridges and skyscrapers to be built.
Strike at Carnegie's Homestead Steel Plant in Pennsylvania because of cut wages. Pinkertons were called in and killed several strikers.
Theodore Roosevelt's program to keep the wealthy and the powerful from taking advantage of the poor.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Interracial organization founded to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.
Fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York that killed 146 workers because of locked exits by the managers. Shocked America and forced better work conditions.
Gave Congress the right to levy an income tax.
Woodrow Wilson's plan to place strict gov. controls on corporations.
Gave women the right to vote.
US soldiers and American planters overthrew Queen Liliuokalani.
War between the US and Spain caused by the explosion of the USS Maine explosion in Havana Harbor and newspaper articles about the incident. US wins and gets Cuba (can't control it due to Platt Amendment), Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines (purchased by the US for 20 million dollars).
American statement that the gov. did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there.
Waterway connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific through Panama. Built by Panamanians and Americans after the US had paid 10 million dollars for the land.
Abolished slavery in the US.
After the Civil war, the gov. tried to repair the damage to the South caused by the Civil War and restore the Southern states to the Union.
William Seward bought Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. Questioned by many, but it turned out to be very beneficial to the US for its size, location, and resources.
Defined citizenship and guaranteed citizens equal protection under the law.
Railroad tracks laid from East to West. Made travel easier and allowed for migration.
Guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude.
Ended WWI and consisted of Wilson's 14 points. Rejected by the US Senate. Planted the seeds for WWII.
Reliable, affordable car for the average American. Developed by Henry Ford.
Forbade the manufacturing, distribution, and sale of alcohol anywhere in the US.
The flowering of African American culture due to novelists, poets, and artists. Helped give a new vocabulary and dynamic to race relations in the US.
Created in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by an executive of Westinghouse Company. Music, educational lectures, news, and weather broadcasts. First radio station.
The day of the stock market crash. Stock prices fell sharply in the Great Crash.
Term used for the central and southern Great Plains when the region suffered from drought and dust storms. Forced people to move (Okies).
Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to provide recovery, relief, and reform to Americans during the Great Depression. Promoted economic recovery and social reform.
Informal radio broadcast in which Franklin D. Roosevelt explained issues and New Deal programs to average Americans.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's second plan to recover from the Great Depression. Addressed the problems of the elderly, the poor, and the unemployed; helped farmers; created new public-works projects; and enacted measures to protect workers' rights.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to add up to six new justices to the nine-member Supreme Court after the Court had ruled some New Deal legislation was unconstitutional.
Agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace.
Act passed that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the US.
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the site of the US Navy's main Pacific base. Suffered a surprise attack by Japanese air force resulting in heavy US losses.
Turning point of WWII in the Pacific in which the Japanese advance was stopped by the US Navy.
The forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military.
Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops.
Japanese Americans were isolated and put in temporary imprisonment for the duration of WWII.
The day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France.
Atomic bombs were dropped by the US on the Japanese at Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing 95,000 Japanese residents.
The Nazi attempt to kill all Jews and other "undesirables" under their control.
Organization founded to promote peace. Would succeed where the League of Nations had failed.
Victory in Europe Day celebrated by US soldiers when Germany surrendered.