Dust Bowl Major Events

Dust Bowl Major Events

The Dust Bowl and Great Depression Begin

1931

Severe drought hits the Midwestern and Southern Plains. Most crops are destroyed or eventually destroyed in the course of the dust bowl.

Franklin Roosevelt Takes Office

March 4 1933

While the United States is in a great depression, Franklin Roosevelt wins presidency and starts to rebuild the economy and stop the dust storms.

The Emergency Farm Mortgage Act

may 12 1933

The Emergency Farm Mortgage Act was an act that allotted around $200 million to help refinance mortgages to help farmers facing foreclosure.

The Civilian Conservation Corps opens the first soil erosion control camp

June 18 1933 - September 1933

The Civilian Conservation Corps opens the first soil erosion control camp in Clayton County, Alabama. 160 more camps were built by September.

Millions of Pigs Are Slaughtered

September 1933

around 6 million pigs are slaughtered to stabilize prices.

FSRC Creation

September 1933

The FSRC helped distribute agricultural commodities to the needy. Cotton goods were also included.

The ERA Act and The Creation of WPA

April 8 1935

FDR approves the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act, which gives $525 million to people effected by drought, and leads to the Works Progress Administration which, over the course of its existence employs 8,500,000 people.

The Shelterbelt Project Begins

March 1937

FDR’s Shelterbelt Project begins. The project is planned as a massive tree planting over an 100-mile wide zone from Canada to northern Texas. The projects purpose was to try and stop dust storms from causing as much damage. Trees,like red cedar and green ash, are planted along fence rows,and farmers and workers from the Civilian Conservation Corps are paid to plant them.

Frazier-Lemke farm Bankruptcy Act

1938

The Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act is approved. This act stops banks from taking farmer's land away in a time of distress.

The Great Depression Ends

1939 - 1940

In the fall,it rains multiple times and the drought and depression come to an end with world war 2 coming up. The Great Plains become rich with wheat once again.