China

Periodization

The Early Modern Era

1450 - 1750

This era was defined by the Ming Dynasty. This dynasty directly followed the Yuan (MONGOL) Dynasty, when a group called the Red Turbans began a rebellion against their Mongol rulers in the mid 1300s. The leader of the rebellion and the following Ming Dynasty was Zhu Yuanzhang.

The Ming ruled from the Forbidden City, never interacted with peasants, and are most famous for the formation of the Great Wall of China. Clearly, this isolationist theme is the result of the previous rulers of China. They encouraged education and approved of Confucianism. By the end of this Dynasty, population had nearly doubled and the economy had grown as well.

The Ming were also known for the Examination System. There were 3 stages of this: Scholar-Gentry, Authority, and Ju-Ren. The Scholar-Gentry's were a sort of educated middle class and stimulated much of China's growth in this era.

The Manchu were gaining power in the North West, and Japan invaded Korea around this time. While the Ming repelled Japan from invading, their armies were weak, and their peasants were in revolt; the Manchus invaded.

The Modern Era

1750 - 1914

Taiping Rebellion

Opium Wars

Self-Strengthening Movement ()

Meiji Restoration

Finally, the People's Republic of China

Dynasties

Shang Dynasty

1600 BCE - 1029 BCE

Zhou Dynasty

1029 BCE - 771 BCE

The Warring States Period

475 BCE - 221 BCE

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

The Three Kingdoms Period

220 - 280

Sui Dynasty

581 - 618

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Five Dynasties Period

907 - 960

Song Dynasty

960 - 1271

Yuan (MONGOLS) Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Politics

Republic Period

1912 - 1949

Communist Period

1949 - 2013