Art History: Baroque - Modern

Baroque

Characterized by: sense of movement, energy and tension, strong contrasts of light and shadow - for dramatic effect, more open space in compositions, attention to exact, naturalistic detail, little to no iconography, realistic figures

The Winged Cupid, Caravaggio

1597

The Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio

1597

Madonna of the Pilgrims, Caravaggio

1603 - 1605

The Entombment, Caravaggio

1604

Death of the Virgin, Caravaggio

1605 - 1606

David with the Head of Goliath, Caravaggio

1606 - 1610

Four Rivers, Rubens

1610

Judith and Holofernes, Artemisia Gentileschi

1618

Old Woman Cooking Eggs, Velazquez

1618

Medici Cycle, Rubens

1622 - 1625

Belshazzar's Feast, Rembrandt

1630

Self Portrait in a Cap, Open Mouthed and Staring, Rembrandt

1630

A View of Het Sheen in the Early Morning, Rubens

1630

Helena Fourment in her Fur Coat, Rubens

1630

Confirmation, Poussin

1630

Rape of the Sabines, Poussin

1630

Philip IV in Brown and Silver, Velazquez

1631 - 1632

Philip IV in Hunting Costume, Velazquez

1632 - 1633

Self-Portrait at the Easel, Judith Leyster

1635

Calabazas, Velazquez

1637 - 1639

Horrors of War, Rubens

1638

The Night Watch, Rembrandt

1642

Don Diego de Acedo, Velazquez

1644

Landscape with Funeral of Phocion, Poussin

1648

Christ at Emmaus, Rembrandt

1648

The Arcadian Shepherds, Poussin

1650

Bathsheba, Rembrandt

1654

Las Meninas, Velazquez

1656

Self-Portrait, Rembrandt

1658

The Milkmaid, Vermeer

1660

Ruth and Boaz, Poussin

1660

The Syndics of the Drapers' Guild, Rembrandt

1662

The Return of the Prodigal Son, Rembrandt

1668 - 1669

Landscape with Voyage of Jacob, Claude Lorrain

1677

Rococo

Characterized by: was aristocratic art, fashionable, delicate, small paintings, pastel colors, lots of ornamentation, scenes of parties, women, leisure, lighthearted, settings in nature, delicate colors, curving forms

Pilgrimage to Cythera, Watteau

1717

Fete Champetre, Watteau

1717 - 1718

Gersaint's Shop Sign, Watteau

1720 - 1721

Madame de Pompadour, Boucher

1758

Bathers, Fragonard

1765

The Swing, Fragonard

1767

Neo-Classicism

Characterized by: influence in classical antiquity, harmony, simplicity, proportion, sharp outlines, reserved emotion, deliberate composition, meant to motivate and inspire public,

Oath of the Horatii, David

1784

Death of Socrates, David

1787

The Death of Marat, David

1793

Napoleon Crossing the Alps, David

1800

Mme. Recamier, David

1800

Coronation of Napoleon, David

1805 - 1807

Coronation of Napoleon, David

1805 - 1807

La Grande Odalisque, Ingres

1814

Goya

...Goya

The Swing, Goya

1779

Marquesa de Pontejos, Goya

1786

Charles III in Hunting Costume, Goya

1788

The Naked/Clothed Maja, Goya

1800

Family of Charles IV, Goya

1800

Saturn Devouring his Children, Goya

1820 - 1823

Romanticism

Characterized by: emotional interest, wanted to evoke feeling, lack of unifying style, technique, or subject matter, reaction to Neoclassicism, found classical art to be too "confining"

The Nightmare, Fuseli

1781

Monk by the Sea, Friedrich

1808 - 1810

Landscape, Morning in the Riesenbirge, Friedrich

1811

The Polar Sea, Friedrich

1824

Death of Sardanapalus, Delacroix

1827

The Slave Ship, Turner

1840 - 1851

Fire at Sea, Turner

1840

The Lion Hunt, Delacroix

1858

Realism

Characterized by: aim to imitate nature, focuses on accurate and truthful depiction of subjects, everyday people and activities, genre scenes

Burial at Ornans, Courbet

1849

The Stone Breakers, Courbet

1849

The Sower, Millet

1850

The Bathers, Courbet

1853

The Gleaners, Millet

1857

Third Class Carriage, Daumier

1862

Music at the Tuileries, Manet

1862

Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe, Manet

1863

Olympia, Manet

1863

Musicians of the Orchestra, Degas

1872

Ball at the Opera, Manet

1873 - 1874

At the Opera, Cassatt

1879

Bar at the Follies-Bergere, Manet

1881 - 1882

Impressionism

Characterized by: plunging perspective, radical cropping, asymmetrical composition, use of colored shadows, use of pure color, rejected highly finished quality of "academic" painting, broken brushstrokes, use of impasto, subject matter is often casual, everyday life or nature

Impression, Sunrise, Monet

1872

Boulevard des Capucines, Monet

1873

RiverOise at Pontoise, Pissarro

1873

Gare St. Lazare, Monet

1876 - 1877

Au Moulin de la Galette, Renoir

1876

Paris Street: Rainy Day, Caillbotte

1877

Summer's Day, Morisot

1879

Water Lilies, Monet

1916 - 1922

Post-Impressionism

No broad, unifying characteristics, took aspects of Impressionism and exaggerated them: Seurat exaggerated broken brushstrokes, Van Gogh exaggerated use of thick paint and impasto, Cezanne elevated how color was used and separated

Hortense Cezanne in a Red Chair, Cezanne

1877

Une Baignade Asnieres, Seurat

1883 - 1884

The Island of the Grande Jatte, Seurat

1884 - 1886

The Potato Eaters, Van Gogh

1885

Trees and Houses, Cezanne

1885

The Night Cafe, Van Gogh

1888

Starry Night, Van Gogh

1889

Wheatfield with Crows, Van Gogh

1890

Still Life with Onions, Cezanne

1895 - 1900

Mt. Sainte-Victoire, Cezanne

1902 - 1906

Expressionism

More about reflecting feelings than capturing reality, emphasizes subjectivity, vivid coloration, distorted forms, attempted to describe feelings and emotions visually, Fauvists remained fairly representational (distorted shapes and compelling compositions), German expressionism delved farther into abstraction

The Day of the God, Gauguin

1894

The Scream, Evard Munch

1895

The Madonna, Edvard Munch

1895

Woman with a Hat, Matisse

1905

The Turning Road, L'Estaque, Derain

1906

Harmony in Red, Matisse

1908

Dance I, Matisse

1910

The Red Studio, Matisse

1911

Masks, Nolde

1911

The Prophet, Nolde

1912

Five Women in the Street, Kirchner

1913

Sketch for Composition VII, Kandinsky

1913

Self-Portrait as a Soldier, Kirchner

1915

Cubism (proto-cubism, analytic, synthetic)

Creating abstract shapes of 3-dimensional objects, representing an object in multiple planes, make use of geometric shapes and edges; Analytical cubism: broke up natural forms into geometric shapes and forms, monochromatic color scheme; Synthetic cubism: created compositions that focused on objects together, made use of mixed media, created flatter compositions with minimal shading

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Picasso

1907

Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Picasso

1910

Still Life with Chair Caning, Picasso

1912

Guitar, Sheet Music, and Wine Glass, Picasso

1912

Guernica, Picasso

1937

Dada

Only rule was to not follow rules, intended to provoke reaction from viewer (usually shock or outrage), nonsensical to the point of whimsy (but the artists took themselves very seriously), no predominant medium (assemblage, photo montage, collage, ready mades), directly responsible for Surrealism

The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, Duchamp

1915 - 1923

Squares Arranged According to Chance, Hans Arp

1916 - 1917

Fountain, Duchamp

1917

Mona Lisa Ready Made, Duchamp

1919

Cut with a Kitchen Knife, Hannah Hoch

1919 - 1920

Rrose Selavy, Man Ray

1919

Fathers and Sons, 10 Years Later, John Heartfield

1924

Surrealism

Exploration of unconsciousness and dreams, inspired by Freud, pushed boundaries of socially acceptable behavior, emphasis on mysterious and irrational to make art ambiguous and strange, gave artists permission to explore their most basic drives

Mystery and Melancholy of a Street, De Chirico

1914

Birth of the World, Miro

1925

Apparition of Fruit Bowl and Face on a Beach, Dali

1938

Abstract Expressionism

Unconventional application of paint, no recognizable subjects (except de Kooning), tend toward amorphous shapes and brilliant colors, dripping, smearing, flinging paint onto canvas, the physicality of painting was important

Autumn Rhythm, Pollock

1950

Woman and Bicycle, de Kooning

1952 - 1953

Mountains and Sea, Frankenthaler

1952

New York, Kline

1953

Elegy to the Spanish Republic, Motherwell

1953 - 1954

Orange and Yellow, Rothko

1956

Mass Writing, Reigl

1964

Neo-Dadism

Art as expansive and inclusive, incorporated non-art materials, embraces ordinary reality, celebrates popular culture, rejected the "macho" attitudes of abstract expressionists, didn't think art was about the psyche

American Flags, Johns

1953 - 1959

Erased de Kooning Drawing, Rauschenberg

1953

Target with Four Faces, Johns

1955

Bed, Rauschenberg

1955

Pop Art

Recognizable imagery drawn from media and pop culture, usually bright colors, flat imagery (like comic books), images of celebrities

Small Campbell's Soup Can, Tomato, Warhol

1962

Gold Marilyn Monroe, Warhol

1962

Orange Disaster #5, Warhol

1963

Drowning Girl, Lichtenstein

1963

Video Art

Trecartin

The Re'Search, Trecartin

2009 - 2010

Installation Art

Gonzales-Torres, Wilson, Hamilton

Untitled (Placebo), Gonzalez-Torres

1991

Indigo Blue, Hamilton

1991

Mining the Museum, Wilson

1992

Constructed Images

Sherman

Untitled (number 109), Sherman

1982

Untitled (number 175), Sherman

1987

Performance Art

Jones

Mudman, Jones

1980

Political Art and the Public

Diggs

Domestic Violence Milk Carton series, Diggs

1991 - 1992

Global Discourse

Mehretu

Stadia I, II, & III, Mehretu

2004