This is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. It is also refereed to as the BP Oil Spill or the BP Oil Disaster. The Deepwater Horizon was a drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico being carted by oil giant BP. At 9:45 p.m. on April 20, 2010, high-pressure methane gas rose into the drilling rig, where it ignited and exploded, engulfing the platform. 126 crew members were aboard the rig, and of these, 11 were killed and 17 were injured. But this was just the beginning of the disaster.
2 days after the explosion, it was discovered that there was an oil leak when a large oil slick began to spread at the former rig site. The oil continued spilling into the gulf for 87 days, before the seafloor gusher was capped on July 15, 2010. The total discharge of oil is estimated at 4.9 million barrels, or 210 million gallons. The spill was also called “the worst environmental disaster the U.S. had ever faced” by White House Energy Advisor Carol Brower, and for good reason. The spill killed over 8000 birds, mammals, marine species, and other animals in the 6 months after it. It changed the lives of many other animals’ whose habitats were damaged or destroyed, or who were injured by the oil, but humans felt the impact too. 16,000 total miles of coastline were affected, including the costs of Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. The economies of these stated were hurt also because of a blow to the fishing industry, and major part o the economy in the Gulf region. Many volunteers showed up to help, and they are still trying to pick up the pieces and trying to bring their world back to how it was before the spill.