The Universe (abridged)

It'll make you think! --www.onthepalebluedot.com--

Universe

13699997990 bc - Present


Notional depiction of the Big Bang
Wikipedia: Big Bang
Video: Early Universal Expansion

Milky Way

8799997990 bc - Present


A spiral galaxy similar to the Milky Way. Formation of the "thin disk" of the Milky Way occurred approx. 8.8 billion years ago.
Wikipedia: Milky Way
Video: Milky Way Formation Simulation

Solar System

4899997990 bc - Present


Artists rendition of the early solar system while planetary formation was still ongoing
Wikipedia: Solar System
Video: Solar System Formation

Earth

4499997990 bc - Present


Recent image of Earth. Approx. 4.5 billion years ago the Earth's atmospheric composition and geography were significantly different.
Wikipedia: Earth
Video: Formation of Earth

Simple Cells

3799997990 bc - Present


Simple cell with layer separating the internal and external environments
Wikipedia: Abiogenesis
Video: Abiogenesis

Photosynthesis

2999997990 bc - Present


Photosynthetic algae. Photosynthesis granted access to solar energy, greatly increased the Earth's biomass, and oxygenated the early atmosphere.
Wikipedia: Photosynthesis
Video: Volvox

Complex Cells

1999997990 bc - Present


A complex cell (protozoa) with internal organelles and flagella.
Wikipedia: Eukaryotic organisms
Video: Flagellate

Multicellular Life

999997990 bc - Present


Simple multicellular organism
Wikipedia: Multicellular Organisms

Simple Animals

599997990 bc - Present


A simple sedentary animal, the sea sponge.
Wikipedia: Animals
Video: Sea Mounts

Arthropods

569997990 bc - Present


While this trilobite is extinct, its successors are still prolific creatures in both aquatic and terrestrial environments.
Wikipedia: Arthropods
Video: Small Marine Arthropods with great music

Complex Animals

549997990 bc - Present


A nautilus, which uses jets of water to propel itself
See "Animals"
Video: Amazing Invisible Octopus

Fish / Proto-amphibians

499997990 bc - Present


A frilled shark. Sharks have existed in the World's ocean for over 400 million years.
Wikipedia: Fish
Video: Shark vs. Octopus

Land Plants

474997990 bc - Present


Ferns were among the first land plants
Wikipedia: Land plants

Insects / Seeds

399997990 bc - Present


A relatively primitive insect, the Firebrat prefers warm climates
Wikipedia: Insects
Video: Rhinoceros Beetle

Amphibians

359997990 bc - Present


This Japanese Giant Salamander has changed little in the past 20 million years.
Wikipedia: Amphibians
Video: Japanese Giant Salamander

Reptiles

299997990 bc - Present


Among the oldest living reptiles, crocodiles are well adapted to their native semi-aquatic environments
Wikipedia: Reptiles
Video: Here Be Dragons

Mammals

199997990 bc - Present


While this elephant shrew is a modern mammal, it is similar in appearance to the earliest mammal ancestor.
Wikipedia: Mammals
Article: Mammalian Ancestor
Video: Blue Planet - Blue Whale

Flowers

129997990 bc - Present


The evolution of flowers improved the sexual reproductive capacity of many plant species
Wikipedia: Flowers

Primates

64997990 bc - Present


Rendition of an early insectivore believed to be one of the first primates.
Wikipedia: Primate evolution
Video: Early Primate

Apes

7997990 bc - Present

GenusHomo

2497990 bc - Present

ModernHumans

197990 bc - Present

Agriculture / Civilization

10000 bc - Present

Industry

1860 - Present

Digital Computing

1942 - Present

Nuclear Power

dec 1942 - Present


Image of a nuclear power plant cooling tower. Chicago Pile-1 achieved criticality on December 2, 1942 and was the first sustained nuclear reaction. This work became part of the Manhattan Project.
Wikipedia: Nuclear Power
Video: Nuclear Reactor Lab

Internet

oct 1969 - Present


Map of the modern internet. The ARPANet first went live in October 1969, with communications between the University of California in Los Angeles and the Stanford Research Institute.
Wikipedia: Internet
Video: History of The Internet
Website: Map of The Internet

Genetic Engineering

1973 - Present


The first viable genetically modified organism, an E. coli bacterium expressing an exogenic Salmonella gene, was created in 1973.
Wikipedia: Genetically Modified Organism
Video: Gene Splicing