As early as the 1920s, Hitler had indicated that a Nazi regime would find this land to the east- in the Soviet Union. Germany therefore must prepare for war with the Soviet Union.
In 1938, after France and Great Britain gave in to Hitler's demands for territory in Czechoslovakia, Churchill gave a stern warning to the British house of Commons.
On March 9, 1935, Hitler announced the creation of a new air force. One week later, he began a military draft that would expand Germany's army from 100,000 to 550,000.
Hitler believed the Western states would not use force to maintain the Treaty of Versailles. Hence, on March 7, 1936 he sent troops into the Rhineland.
Benito Mussolini had long dreamed of creating a new roman empire in the Mediterranean, and, in October 1935, Fascist Italy invaded Ethiopia.
In 1936, both Germany and Italy sent troops to Spain to help General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War.
In October 1936, Mussolini and Hitler made an agreement recognizing their common political and economic interests.
In November 1936, Mussolini spoke of the new alliance between Italy and Germany, called the Rome-Berlin Axis.
By 1937, Germany was once more a "world power", as Hitler proclaimed.
March 13, 1938, after his triumphal return to his native land, Hitler annexed Austria to Germany.
On September 15, 1938, Hitler demanded that Germany be given the Sudetenland, an area in northwestern Czechoslovakia that was inhabited largely by Germans.
In March 1939, Hitler invaded and took control of Bohemia and Moravia in western Czechoslovakia.
On the evening of March 15, 1939, Hitler triumphantly declared in Prague that he would be known as the greatest German of them all.
On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact.
September 1, 1939, German forces invaded Poland.
On September 3, 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany.
In September 1931, Japanese soldiers had seized Manchuria, which had natural resources that Japan needed.
By the mid-1930s, militants connected to the government and the armed forces had gained control of Japanese politics.
In December 1936, Chiang ended his military efforts against the Communists and formed a united front against the Japanese.
In July 1937, Chinese and Japanese forces clashed south of Beijing.
Germany signs a nonaggression pact with the Soviets.