Cold War Timeline

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Vocabulary

1944

Iron Curtain- during the Cold War, the boundary separating the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe.

Containment- a U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances.

Brinkmanship- a policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.

Domino Theory (mentioned by Eisenhower around 1954)- the idea that if a nation falls under Communist control nearby nations will also all under Communist control.

Yalta Conference

February 1945

The honorable Winston Churchill, the best president ever Franklin Roosevelt, and the terrible Joseph Stalin meet to make Germany into occupation zones that would be controlled by the fabulous Allied military forces.

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

The President of the amazing United States, Harry Truman, the horrible Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and the pleasant Winston Churchill meet in Potsdam Germany. The admirable Harry Truman attempted to convince Stalin that Eastern Europe should hold free elections. But, to no surprise, Stalin said no.

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1951

Because the United States truly cares about others, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall came up with a plan to give assistance to European countries in need. This plan would give them food, machinery, and other necessities to rebuild post-war Western Europe. Not surprisingly, this plan was an absolute success.

Explosion of Joe 1

1949

The Soviet Union dropped the measly Joe 1 atomic bomb. This inspired the extremely dedicated President Harry Truman to develop an even more deadly bomb, the hydrogen bomb.

Formation of NATO

1949

Because the fear of the awful Soviet's aggression, the brave United States and Canada were joined by ten western European nations in a military alliance. If one NATO member country was attacked, all other NATO members, including the courageous United States, would go against the attacker.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

After WWII ended, the Koreans divided the country into two separate countries, with the dividing line being the 38th parallel, which crosses Korea at 38 degrees latitude. The war was the better part of Korea, South Korea, who we allied with, against North Korea, who the horrible Soviets allied with. After the war, the country still remained divided. North Korea, of course, had a communist dictator who caused serious financial issues. But, partly in thanks to the United States, South Korea was successful, and we still keep troops over there since we love to support our allies.

Formation of the Warsaw Pact

1955

Because they were afraid of the strong NATO, the Soviets created an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. They built the ridiculous Berlin Wall to separate East and West Germany. As they should, China distrusted the Soviets.

Suez Canal Crisis

1956

Because he was upset over the loss of financial support from the United States and Britain for the construction of the Aswan Dam, Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser took control of the Suez Canal. I'd be upset if I lost support from the greatest country of all time, too. But then it was all better because Britain, France, and Israel retook it. But then the Egyptians took it back, with support from the United States, ending the crisis.

Vietnam War

1957 - 1975

North Vietnam, Communist, and South Vietnam, anti-Communist, fought against each other because the North was trying to spread communism to the South. The always-loyal United States of course helped out the South, until we withdrew for the sake of our own citizens' lives. Unfortunately, the South was overrun with Communism by the North.

Sputnik launched

August 1957

The Russians launched a satellite above the Earth's atmosphere. Of course, though, the United States wanted to stay up-to-date, so we launched one the following year. But, really, we had the first man on the moon, so that's what matters the most.

Cuban Missile Crisis

July 1962

As usual, the Soviets were up to no good, considering that Khrushev was planning to launch missiles from Cuba at the United States. But because of our awesome spy planes, we knew about it before it could happen, and the spectacular President Kennedy threatened to invade Cuba if the missiles were not removed, and he was obeyed. Phew! Everybody was getting pretty afraid that there would be a nuclear war! Go JFK!

Detente

1970

In order to heal our great country from post-Vietnam War problems, we decided to no longer have direct confrontation with the Soviet Union. The great leader who enacted this policy was President Richard Nixon, and the Soviet leader was Brezhnev.

SALT Talks

1972

Because he cared so much about the United States, President Richard Nixon signed an agreement with Soviet premier Brezhnev that said that each country would keep the number of missiles they had down. Unfortunately, Congress did not ratify SALT II, the second round of the agreement.

Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

Because of a Muslim revolt against the communists, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, being all invasive as usual. Because the United States viewed the Soviet invasion as a threat to our Middle Eastern oil suppliers, we kindly helped out the rebels, called mujahideen. Also, a cool guy we know as President Jimmy Carter cut off the United States from supporting the awful Soviets, such as stopping grain shipments and boycotting the Moscow Olympics. Of course, the Soviets withdrew and had economic issues afterwards.

Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative

1983

Because Reagan truly cared for us, he planned a program to keep his beloved citizens safe from enemy missiles. Although it was never in action, it represented our stance on anti-Communism.