Cold War

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Mao Zedong

December 26, 1893 - September 9, 1976

A Chinese communist revolutionary, politician and socio-political theorist.

House Un-American Activities Committee

1938

The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".

Hollywood Blacklisting

1940 - 1950

The Hollywood blacklist—as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known—was the mid-20th-century list of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S. entertainment professionals who were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations, real or suspected.

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.

VE Day

May 8, 1945

Victory in Europe Day

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

he Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945.

VJ Day

August 15, 1945

Victory over Japan Day

Marshall Plan

April 1948

he Marshall Plan was the American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.

Berlin Blockade

June 24, 1948 - May 12, 1949

One of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control.

Joe McCarthy

1950

For two years McCarthy continued to interrogate and question innocent citizens and multiple government departments, the panic rising from the so called “witch-hunts” and fear of communism became known as McCarthyism.

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 23, 1953

The Korean War was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), at one time supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union.

Rosenbergs Convicted

March 29, 1951

In one of the most sensational trials in American history, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II. The husband and wife were later sentenced to death and were executed in 1953.

Soviets Explode First Atomic Bomb

November 22, 1952

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

John F. Kennedy Elected President

November 8, 1960

John F. Kennedy becomes the youngest man ever to be elected president of the United States, narrowly beating Republican Vice President Richard Nixon. He was also the first Catholic to become president.

Rise of Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961

a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

The Cuban Missile Crisis — known as the October crisis in Cuba and the Caribbean crisis in the USSR — was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other, in October 1962.

Apollo 11 Lands on the Moon

July 20, 1969

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first to step onto the lunar surface 6 hours later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC.

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

The fall of the Berlin Wall happened nearly as suddenly as its rise. There had been signs that the Communist bloc was weakening, but the East German Communist leaders insisted that East Germany just needed a moderate change rather than a drastic revolution. East German citizens did not agree.

Fall Of Soviet Union, End of Cold War

1991

The USSR began to crumble as liberal reforms proved difficult to handle and capitalist changes to the centralized economy were badly transitioned and caused major problems. After a series of revolutions in Soviet Bloc states, the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.