Cold War Timeline

By Win Win

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The Yalta Conference

02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945

The Allied leaders discussed the future of Germany, Eastern Europe and the United Nations. The meeting took place in Russian resort town in the Crimea. The leaders that attended were U.S President Franklin D.Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.

Victory in Europe Day

05/8/1945

The end of the World War 2 in Europe

The Potsdam Conference

07/17/1945 - 08/2/1945

Is when The Big Three Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and U.S. President Harry Truman met in Potsdam, Germany to negotiate terms for the end of World War 2. Major question? How to handle Germany.

Victory in Japan

08/14/1945

The day when Japan surrendered to the Allies.

HUAC

1947

One of the first hearings in 1947 focused n the film industry as a powerful cultural force that Communist might manipulate to spread their ideas and influence. Hollywood 10 used the 5th Amendment to protect themselves from self-incrimination rand refused to testify.
1950- Red Channel was published, which listed 151 blacklisted actors, directors, broadcasters, and screenwriters.

Hollywood Blacklisting

1947

The House Committee on Un-American Activities began to claim that some Hollywood entertainers were communist-inspired. Some of the writers,producers, and directors became the Hollywood 10.
All 10 served time in prison in 1950 for a year. They ended up being black-listed, which leading to finding jobs difficult. The blacklist grew up to 150 names and increased up to the 1960s.

The Marshall Plan

06/05/1947

The Marshall Plan was an economic aid program to rebuild Europe after World War 2.

The Berlin Blockade

06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949

The Soviet Union attempted to limit the ability of France, Great Britain, and the United States to travel to their sectors of Berlin.

Soviet explode atomic bomb

08/29/1949

The bomb was named "First Lighting".The built buildings and laid out caged animals near the bombing zone to test the effect of nuclear radiation on human-like mammals.
German Klaus Fuchs, a German physicist who helped the U.S build its first atomic bomb, was arrested for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviets.

Mao Zedong

09/21/1949

Victory of communism in China and vowed to establish the constitutional and governmental framework to protect the "people's revolution".

Joseph Mccarthy

February 1950 - 1954

The McCarthy Act- required all communist party and "communist-front" organization to publish their records and registers with the United States attorney general.
1952- McCarthy became chairman of the Senate subcommittee on investigations. turned to a witch hunt to search for disloyalty base on flimsy evidence and irrational fears.
1954- began to look for Soviet spies in the United States Army. In the end Joseph Welch faced McCarthy. In that year McCarthy was brought down, but remained in the senate until his death in 1957.

The Korean War

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

Not a war, but called the Korean Conflict. The war/conflict did not end because it was more of a cease-fire. The war was between North Korea and South when North Korea invaded South Korea. Both sides were in the Cold War and ended up choosing sides between The Soviet Union and the United States. North Korea with the Soviet, while the South sided with America. The war lasted until an armistice was signed on 07/27/1953. War continued on for 3 years.

Julius an Ethel Rosenberg

07/1950 - 06/19/1953

Accused if a spy ring that passed top-secret information concerning the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Protested their innocence, but after a trial in March 1951 they were convicted. April 5,1951 judge sentenced them to death.

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

Was a long war in Vietnam until the North Vietnamese took over South Vietnam and made the entire country communist governed.
1954- The Geneva Peace Accord was signed by France and Vietnam. With the aid of South Vietnam, America attempted to prevent the spread of communism.

John F. Kennedy

11/8/1960 - November 1963

Youngest man to be elected president of the United States. He supported the Bay of Pigs invasion Cuba. Participated in the Cuban Missile, demonstrating that the U.S was prepared to be strong against the Soviet threat to install missiles in Cuba.

Falling of Berlin Wall

08/13/1961 - 11/9/1989

Took 3 decades before the wall was turned down. Thousands of East Berliners went to the border crossing and people demanded to open the border.At 10:30 pm the border was open.

Rise of Berlin Wall

08/13/1961 - 11/9/1989

For 28 years, the wall kept East Germans from fleeing to the West. Wall was built at Midnight on August 12-13. Wall went through the center of Berlin, but also wrapped around West Berlin, entirely cutting West Berlin off from the rest of Wast Germany.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

A 13 day political and military standoff in Oct 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba between the U.S and Soviet Union.
U.S agreed to the Soviet leader offer to remove the Cuban missiles, in exchange for the U.S promising not to invade Cuba.

Apollo 11

07/1969

Was launched from Kennedy Space Center at 9:37 am. Mission carried 3 astronauts toward the moon. Neil Armstrong was 38 when he became the first civilian to command two American space missions. The module touched down on the moon's Sea of Tranquility. On July 20, 1969 at 11:56 pm, Armstrong said, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Fall of the Soviet Union

1982 - 12/1991

The Soviet Union fell because if the failure of soviet system to satisfy the desire of it's citizens and the clear inefficiency of soviet systems of production. Basically their economy was crumbing.