Major Events in The U.S. Civil War


Abraham Lincoln Becomes the 16th President

November 6, 1860 - April 15, 1865

This was the start of the Civil War because the South didn't like him because he wanted to stop slavery.

The Secession of the Southern States

December 20, 1860 - 1865

The Southern states quickly annexed and formed the Confederate States.

The Battle of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The first fight of the Civil War was at Fort Sumter in South Carolina between the Union and the Confederate State and it was where the first shot of the Civil War was. It was the battle that stared the war.

The Blockade of Confederate Port

April 19, 1861 - 1865

Abraham Lincoln made a blockade blocking the ports of where ships come in to import goods for the south. That caused them [the South] a great deal of damage for them because they needed the imported goods for their soldiers to eat and weapons and other goods.

The Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

This would be called the "Bloodiest Day" in American History because in only a day 22,717 people died, wounded, captured, or missing.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

President Lincoln freed 50,000 slaves instantly free. As the Union advanced, more than 3 million more slaves were freed. It was done right after the battle of Antietam.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

It was the only battle fought in the North because Robert E. Lee decided to attack them in the North. It was the Robert E. Lee's first lost. 165,620 American soldiers fought in the battle and 7,863 people had been killed.

Abraham Lincoln Re-Election

November 4, 1864

Abraham Lincoln got re-elected to be president again and was president for one more year until the Civil War ended and got assassinated.

The 13th Amendment

January 31, 1865

Slavery was abolished when the United State Congress agreed to pass the 13th Amendment. It stopped slavery.

The Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

April 9, 1865

The South surrendered and the North won. This was also the end of the Civil War.
General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse.