created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world
05/08/1945 - 05/09/1945
Victory in Europe, war took 50 million lives, making Germany surrender, Allies celebrated on this day in history
07/17/1945 - 08/02/1945
Big Three Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and U.S. PresidentHarry Truman--met in Potsdam, Germany, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.
08/14/1945 - 08/15/1945
term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945
End of WWII
formal paperwork was signed on September 2, 1945 (Japan time, Sept 1, 1945 US time
01/01/1947 - 01/02/1951
After conviction on contempt of Congress charges for refusal to answer some questions posed by committee members, the "Hollywood Ten" were blacklisted by the industry
Berlin Blockade begins and ends
06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949
Berlin blockade lasted 320 days .The three Western powers and the the U.S.S.R. were in conflict over the future political structure of Germany
Soviets explode first atomic bomb
Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. It came as a great shock to the United States because they were not expecting the Soviet Union to possess nuclear weapon knowledge so soon
Mao Zedong takes control of China
Mao Zedong takes control and turns leader ship and makes the leader ship to communism.
02/01/1950 - 12/02/1954
U.S Senator Joseph McCarthy led the so called communist witch hunt. Hundreds of innocent Americans were accused of being Communists, spies, or people who sympathized communists, and were subject to aggressive investigations and questioning.
Korean War begins and ends
06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953
North Korea's Communist forces fought against South Korea's non-Communist forces supported by U.N. forces, principally made up of U.S. troops.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted
03/29/1951 - 6/19/1953
In one of the most sensational trials in American history, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II.
Vietnam War begins and ends
01/01/1959 - 04/30/1975
also known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, was fought between the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and its communist allies and the US-supported Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
JFK gets elected president
11/08/1960 - 11/22/1963
John F. Kennedy becomes the youngest man ever to be elected president of the United States, narrowly beating Republican Vice President Richard Nixon. He was also the first Catholic to become president.
Rise of Berlin Wall
08/13/1961 - 11/09/1989
Was built in the dead of the night and for 28 years kept East Germans from fleeing to the West
Cuban Missile Crisis
10/22/1962 - 06/22/1963
an American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. Kennedy decided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The aim of this "quarantine," as he called it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies
Apollo 11 lands on the moon
07/20/1969 - 07/24/1969
Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin
Berlin Wall falls
11/09/1989 - 11/10/1989
East German government official Günter Schabowski stated during a press conference that travel through the border to the West was open.
Fall of the Soviet Union
12/18/1991 - 12/19/1991
Its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism. The United States rejoiced as its formidable enemy was brought to its knees, thereby ending the Cold War which had hovered over these two superpowers since the end of World War II.