WWII & Cold War

Main

The House Un-American Activities.

01/02/1938 - 01/01/1975

created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.

Yalta Conference

02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world

VE- Day

05/08/1945 - 05/09/1945

Victory in Europe, war took 50 million lives, making Germany surrender, Allies celebrated on this day in history

Postdam Conference

07/17/1945 - 08/02/1945

Big Three Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and U.S. PresidentHarry Truman--met in Potsdam, Germany, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.

VJ- Day

08/14/1945 - 08/15/1945

term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945

End of WWII

09/02/1945

formal paperwork was signed on September 2, 1945 (Japan time, Sept 1, 1945 US time

Hollywood Blacklisting

01/01/1947 - 01/02/1951

After conviction on contempt of Congress charges for refusal to answer some questions posed by committee members, the "Hollywood Ten" were blacklisted by the industry

Berlin Blockade begins and ends

06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949

Berlin blockade lasted 320 days .The three Western powers and the the U.S.S.R. were in conflict over the future political structure of Germany

Soviets explode first atomic bomb

08/29/1949

Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. It came as a great shock to the United States because they were not expecting the Soviet Union to possess nuclear weapon knowledge so soon

Mao Zedong takes control of China

10/01/1949

Mao Zedong takes control and turns leader ship and makes the leader ship to communism.

Joseph McCarthy

02/01/1950 - 12/02/1954

U.S Senator Joseph McCarthy led the so called communist witch hunt. Hundreds of innocent Americans were accused of being Communists, spies, or people who sympathized communists, and were subject to aggressive investigations and questioning.

Korean War begins and ends

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

North Korea's Communist forces fought against South Korea's non-Communist forces supported by U.N. forces, principally made up of U.S. troops.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted

03/29/1951 - 6/19/1953

In one of the most sensational trials in American history, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II.

Vietnam War begins and ends

01/01/1959 - 04/30/1975

also known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, was fought between the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and its communist allies and the US-supported Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

JFK gets elected president

11/08/1960 - 11/22/1963

John F. Kennedy becomes the youngest man ever to be elected president of the United States, narrowly beating Republican Vice President Richard Nixon. He was also the first Catholic to become president.

Rise of Berlin Wall

08/13/1961 - 11/09/1989

Was built in the dead of the night and for 28 years kept East Germans from fleeing to the West

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/22/1962 - 06/22/1963

an American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. Kennedy decided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The aim of this "quarantine," as he called it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

07/20/1969 - 07/24/1969

Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin

Berlin Wall falls

11/09/1989 - 11/10/1989

East German government official Günter Schabowski stated during a press conference that travel through the border to the West was open.

Fall of the Soviet Union

12/18/1991 - 12/19/1991

Its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism. The United States rejoiced as its formidable enemy was brought to its knees, thereby ending the Cold War which had hovered over these two superpowers since the end of World War II.