Slavery & Anti-Slavery

Period 2

Main

Underground Railroad

1786 - 1862

The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada.

Fugitive Slave Law

1793

The fugitive slave laws were laws passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory.

Absalom Jones

1804

He was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States

Rufus king

1817

In 1817, he supported Senate action to abolish the domestic slave trade

Gag Rule Adopted

1830

Was adopted by Congress in the 1830s and 1840s to prevent the submission of antislavery petitions.

James K. Polk

1831

In 1831 James K. Polk became a cotton planter and owned 53 slaves.

Susan B. Anthony

1837

At age 17, Susan collected petitions opposing slavery as part of an organized response to the gag rule prohibiting anti-slavery petitions in the House of Representatives.

World's Anti-Slavery Convention

06/12/1840 - 06/23/1840

The World Anti-Slavery Convention met for the first time in Exeter Hall, London, on June 12–23 1840

Free Soil Party

1848 - 1854

Was created in 1848 in BUffalo and in New York. Its main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories.

Ellen Craft

12/03/1848

Ellen Craft was a slave from Macon, Georgia in the United States who escaped to the North in December 1848 by traveling openly by train and steamboat!

Henry Bibb

1849 - 1850

In 1849-50 he published his autobiography Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself.

Harruet Tubman's Escape

09/17/1849

Tubman and her brothers, Ben and Henry, escaped from slavery on September 17, 1849.

The Compromise of 1850

12/03/1849

Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas draft the compromise, and on January 29,1850 Henry Clay gave a speech to congress proposing the compromise.

James Monroe

1850

When Monroe was Governor of Virginia in 1800, hundreds of slaves from Virginia planned to kidnap him and negotiate for their freedom

John Brown

1850

In response to the Fugitive Slave Act, John Brown founded a militant group to prevent slaves' capture – The League of Gileadites – in Springfield, Masachussetts

Dred Scott

1850

A Missouri jury concluded that Scott and his wife should be granted freedom since they had been illegally held as slaves during their extended residence in the free jurisdictions of Illinois and Wisconsin.

Daniel Webster gives his " Seventh of March speech"

03/07/1850

In this speech he characterizes himself "not as a Massachusetts man, nor as a Northern man but as an American..." In this speech he also gave his support to the compromise of 1850

Slave Trade abolished in Washington D.C

09/20/1850

Congress abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia as part of a legislative package known as the Compromise of 1850.

Harriet Tubman

12/15/1851

Harriet Tubman guided 11 fugitive slaves northward.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Published in 1852 by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Bleeding Kansas

1854 - 1861

Bleeding Kansas was a series of violent political confrontations involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery

Violence in "Bleeding Kansas"

11/21/1855

On November 21, 1855 the "Wakarusa War" began when a Free-Stater named Charles Dow was shot by a pro-slavery settler.

Charles Sumner

05/19/1856

He delivers the "Crime against Kansas" Speech. In his speech he attacked the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and argued for the immediate admission of Kansas as a free state.

Lincoln Elected President

11/04/1860 - 04/15/1865

On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States