Chapter 28 Timeline

Main

The Theory of Relativity

1905

In this theory, Einstein stated that time and space are relevant to the observer and that the speed of light is the only constant for all frames of reference.

Economic Consequences of the Peace

1919

In this book, John Keynes denounced the Treaty of Versailles, saying that its harsh German reparation clause would bring hardship to all of Europe. This book became very influential, and made the Americans and British feel guilty about their treatment of the Germans.

Rutherford splits an atom

1919

This research was groundbreaking, and eventually led the creation of the atomic bomb.

German reparations announced

April 1921

It was announced that Germany had to pay 132 billion gold marks, but found themselves unable to do so. The people of Germany began passively resisting the French when they occupied the ruhr district.

Essay on Logical Philosophy

1922

In this essay, Ludwig Wittgenstein argued that philosophical issues are really pointless, because they cannot be tested by scientific experimentation.

Dawes Plan

1924

With this plan, Germany received loans from the United States in order to pay back their debts to Britain and France, who in turn would pay their loans to the United States.

Mein Kampf

1925

This book, by Adolf Hitler, was an autobiography that also laid out his program for Germany.

U.S. stock market crash

October 1929

When the stock market crashed, it led to the great depression throughout all of Europe, causing a worldwide financial crisis.

Works Progress Administration

1935

This public project in the United States that 1/5 of the entire labor force worked for at some point or another, building public projects like buildings or bridges. This was an enormous step towards getting out of the depression in the U.S.

Popular Front in France

May 1936

This was a group of Communists, Socialists, and radicals that banded together in France out of fear of fascism.