The Holocaust was a build up of concentration camps in planted to wipe out all Jew, Homosexuals, Gypsies, Slavs, the mentally handicapped and others. The Holocaust all began with the 'night of the broken glass'. This night ended with over 30,000 Jews thrown into concentration camps and Jewish schools, hospitals, businesses and other buildings vandalised.
Auschwitz concentration camp was open on May 1940. It's original purpose was to serve as an army barracks but turned out to be the largest Nazi concentration camp. It is estimated that the camp killed 1.1 million Jews, Poles, Roma, and Soviet Soldiers. It was luckily shut down on the 27th of January 1945.
The mass bombing's of Dresden happened within the final months of the war. The bombing's happened in 4 raids over a period of two days. The American's and the British air forces dropped p to 3900 tonnes of bomb's that roughly killed 25,000 people.
The Battle of Iwo Jima, just like the Battle of Okinawa was apart of a three-point plan the American's had for winning the war in the Far East. Americas desire was to finally wipe out Japan's merchant fleet in order for the Japanese to be unable to supplied from the food-rich sectors of South East Asia.
The Battle of Okinawa was apart of a three-point plan in order for the Americans to capture the island in order to destroy Japan's merchant fleet. Following this the American's would then attack Japan's Industrial Heartland using airstrips in the region to launch bombing raids. The Battle of Okinawa was one of the most important battles of World War 2.
The Race to Berlin was a competition between the two soviet armies to be the first to enter Berlin during the final months of WW2. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin purposely set his two marshals Georgy Zhukov and Ivan Konev against each other in the race to capture Berlin. Throughout the competition one team lost 70,000 Soviet soldiers while the other approximately lost 20,000.
On the 30th of April 1945 Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva committed suicide in Hitler's bunker in Berlin. Hitler had died of a self-conflicted gunshot while his wife had used cyanide. A form of poison. Afterwards he was taken out to the Reich Chancellery Garden where he and his wife were doused in oil and set to fire. His ashes were scattered in the year 1970.
On the 26th of July 1945 America threatened Japan to surrender or to endure utter destruction. Japan's government ignored this threat and 11 days later was sent back an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Of the 310,000 people who lived in the city 155,000 of these people were killed including deaths from radiation within one year.
On the 9th of August 1945 Fat Man, an atomic bomb, was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. The bomb killed 60,000-80,000 people of whom were mostly civilian's. It is estimated that roughly half the people that were killed died within the first 24 hours with the rest mainly dying between the next few months from radiation sickness, burns and from other injuries.
The Japanese surrendered on the 2nd of September 1945 due to many defeats. But the main cause of Japan surrendering were the two atomic bombs dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which overall killed roughly 245,000 people and destroying a lot of land.
The Nuremberg Trials where held in the town Nuremberg and was a series of military tribunals. Held by the Allied Forces of WW2 the Nuremberg trials where described as the greatest trial in history.