World War II (1938-1939)


Adolf Hitler becomes War Minister

27 January 1938

German War Minister Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg resigns, due to allegations against his new wife. He suggests Adolf Hitler assume the post of War Minister, which he does.

Hitler's resignation of War Minister

4 February 1938

Adolf Hitler announces a reorganization of the army, abolishing the post of war minister, appointing General Wilhelm Keitel as chief of the armed forces high command (OKW), and appointing Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch as Commander-in-Chief of the Army

Anschluss agreement

12 March 1938 - 13 March 1938

Germany takes over Austria

13 March 1938 - April 1938

Hitler and his army proudly march into Austria because of the Anschluss. This allowed them to take the country without force

Germany takes over Sudetenland

September 1938

After World War 1, as part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany had to give up Sudetenland. Through these terms Sudetenland then became part of Czechoslovakia. Has Hitler came into power he started to stop listening to the treaty and during September 1938 he took back Sudetenland.

Treaty of Munich

30 September 1938

Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier of France and Mussolini of Italy met in Munich and agreed that Hitler should have Sudetenland aslong as it was the last of his expansion. Hitler promised that he was not going to invade anywhere else and that there was not going to be a war.

German invades Czechoslovakia

March 1939

After invading Sudetenland Germany advances into the rest of Czechoslovakia. Hitler ignores the Treaty of Munich and on the 15th of March continues to invade Czechoslovakia. Hitler forced Emil Hácha to give up Czechoslovakia and he made Bohemia and Moravia into a German protectorate.

Chamberlain supports Polland

31 March 1939

Neville Chamberlain declares his support for Polland if Germany invades

Britain and France ally with Polland

April 1939

Britain and France promise to protect Polland if it is ever under attack.

German and Soviet-Union agreement

August 1939

German and the Soviet-Union signed the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. This states that if there is ever a disagreement between the countries they will not use agressive force to take each other down. This agreement lasted less than two years, but meant that Germany could invade Polland with the Soviet-Union attacking them.

Nazi-Soviet Union Pact

23 August 1939

France, England and Poland had al declined the Soviet Unions offer of alliance. Hitler saw this as an opportunity to create a secret past with the Soviet Union and make their connections stronger.

German invasion of Polland; Britain and France declare war on Germany

1 September 1939

Germany invades Polland which forces France and Britain to declare war on Germany because of their alliance. Within hours Australia pledges its support to Britain and World War II begins.

The "Phoney War"

September 1939 - April 1940

The "Phoney War" was a war fought between France and Germany. The war was fought along the Maginot and Siegfried lines. The Maginot line was a a trench that ran along the French border that helped stopped the Germans in World War I. the Siegfried line was exactly the same idea except for Germanys border. The war was fought on these lines and was quite redundant because the style of battle was different in World War I compared to the battle style in World War II.

Nevill Chamberlain's declaration speech

3 September 1939

Nevill Chamberlain speak to the nation, via radio, and announces the declaration of war on Germany

Russian invasion of Finland

30 November 1939