Chapter 25 Timeline

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Louis Napoleon elected in France

December 1848

He was elected for 3 main reasons: he had the famous name of his uncle, he came off as a tough ruler, and he had a positive 'program' in mind to improve France, which would guide him through his reign.

Louis Napoleon seizes power

December 2, 1851

After serving his four year term, Napoleon conspired with army officers and illegally dismissed the assembly. He then immediately crushed any uprisings and restored universal male suffrage, calling upon the people to legalize his actions, and then make him emperor for life, which they did.

Carvour goads Austria into attacking Sardinia

1859

Napoleon III came to Sardinia's defense, but after their victory he suddenly abandoned Carvour and made a compromise with Austria. Sardinia only recieved Lombardy from these battles. Carvour then resigned from power.

Carvour returns to power

1860

He then gained France's support by giving Savoy and Nice to France. After that, the people of central Italy voted to join Sardinia, creating a northern Italian state.

Garibaldi's Red Shirts lands on the shores of Sicily

May 1860

This guerrilla band outwitted the 20,000 man royal army, and took Palermo, Naples, and prepared to attack Rome before Cavour sent Sardinian forces to stop them and occupy most of the papal states.

Serfs freed in Russia

1861

This was one of the first step toward modernizing Russia, abolishing human bondage forever.

Prussian Parliament rejects new military budget

1862

In response to this, King William called on Otto von Bismarck to lead a new ministry and defy parliament.

Danish-Prussian War

1864

The Danish king tried to claim Schleswig-Holstein for Denmark, and Prussia briefly joined Austria and defeated Denmark. Prussia then tried to force Austria out of German affairs, leading to the Austro-Prussion war of 1866.

Austro-Prussian War of 1866

1866

Following Austria's decisive defeat, Prussia gave Austria very fair terms of surrender, and the German Confederation was dissolved.

Napoleon III Grants France a new constitution

1870

This new constitution combined a parliament with a hereditary emperor as chief of state. It won with a vote of 7.5 million to 1.5 million.

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

German forces defeated the French army at Sedan on September 1, 1870. Then, Louis Napoleon was captured. After that, French patriots declared another French republic and fought for another 5 months until their surrender in January 1871.

Alexander II assassinated in Russia

1881

This caused the era of reform and modernization to come to an abrupt end.

Revolution of 1905

1905

Through a series of violent and nonviolent protests, the Tsar was eventually forced to declare the October Manifesto, which granted full civil rights and created a popularly elected duma.

The 'People's Budget'

1906

In England this bill was passed in order to increase spending on social welfare services.