Cause: France felt surrounded by the Hapsburgs, Spain wanted to recapture the Netherlands, Hapsburgs wanted to get rid of prtestants and centralize authority
Immediate Cause: Defenestration of Praugue
Result: Treaty of Westphalia- german rulers can choose Calvinism, and winning countries gain land.
People: King Christian IV of Denmark, Wallenstein, Gustavus Adolpus, Cardinal Richelieu
Key Facts: War started religious but ended political and dynastic