The Pony Express ended.
Claude Debussy was a French composer. His music reflected a form of art known as impressionism. Debussy hated this term as a description of his music but that is what it was. He would construe his harmonic language to make everything a blur or make it vague as to what was going on.
The Polish rise again the Russians.
Reconstruction in the United States is taking place.
Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.
Abraham Lincoln is assassinated while attending a performance at Ford's Theatre.
The United States buys Alaska from Russia.
First Transcontinental Railroad completed in the United States.
The periodic table is invented by Dmitri Mendeleev.
The second Industrial Revolution happened.
First Nation Park is created and is named Yellowstone National Park.
Both blue jeans and barbed wire are invented in the same year.
Arnold Schoenberg was an Austrian composer. He was a prominent figure in the development of atonality. Schoenberg hated this term for his music but he started the movement towards it. The twelve-tone technique was invented by him.
Charles Ives was an American modernist composer. He was one of the first composers to start real experimental music. Ives' techniques included polytonality, polyrhythm, tone clusters, and quarter tones.
Thomas Edison tests first light bulb.
Béla Bartók was a Hungarian composer and pianist. Along with Liszt, they were considered two of the best pianists. Through the study of folk music, Bartók helped start ethnomusicology.
Igor Stravinsky was a Russian pianist and composer. He was mostly a ballet composer and one of is greatest hits was "The Rite of Spring" that upon first hearing, started a riot in the crowd. Stravinsky was always pushing the limits of music, especially rhythmically and harmonically making it hard to count and hard to tell what key you were actually in.
Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a student of Schoenberg employing the twelve-tone technique. Webern also was responsible for starting total serialism which is a certain organization of pitch, rhythm, and dynamics.
Mark Twain publishes the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Alban Berg was an Austrian composer. He was prominent in his use of the Schoenberg twelve-tone technique.
Karl Benz sells first commercial automobile, Coca-Cola is invented, and the construction of the Statue of Liberty is going on.
The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated in Paris.
Aspirin in invented and Van Gogh paints Starry Night.
Invention of the cardboard box.
Basketball is invented.
Volleyball is invented.
William Grant Still was an African-American composer. He was the first African-American conductor to lead a major symphony orchestra in the US.
Paul Hindemith was a German-born American composer, violist, violinist, teacher, and conductor. He hated the twelve-tone technique.
George Gershwin was an American composer and pianist. He was known in a wide span of genres. Gershwin composed opera as well as television scores and Broadway musicals. He became so popular to the American culture that he now has jazz standards out of some of his tunes and has tunes that most people know.
Silvestre Revueltas was a Mexican composer, violinist, and conductor.
Aaron Copland was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and a conductor. He was responsible for basically inventing the actual "American" style of composing. The way Copland went about actually composing things and the was they sounded was unique and labeled as the American style. He also started eventually Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique.
Ruth Crawford Seeger was a modernist composer and a specialist in American folk music.
Albert Einstein theory of relativity proposed and Las Vegas is founded.
Dmitri Shostakovich was a Russian composer and pianist. He had a very hybrid style of composing by mixing the sounds of composers like Stravinsky and Mahler.
First commercial radio transmissions. The Ford Motor Co. invents the Model-T.
Olivier Messiaen was a French composer and organist. He was extremely religious. Messiaen's music came from improvisations of his and he was extremely interested in complex rhythms from various sources. His music was also very modal.
Samuel Barber was an American composer spanning the genres of orchestral music, opera, choral, and piano music. Almost all of his compositions have been recorded. His most famous piece with a place in history all on its own is Adagio for Strings which he had written at a young age.
Arizona becomes the last state to be admitted to the continental Union.
John Cage was an American composer and music theorist. He is responsible for using instruments not as they are intended to be used. Cage was also a pioneer of electroacoustic music. Cage made was for avant-garde music as a composer.
Ford Motor Co. starts using assembly lines.
Benjamin Britten was an English composer, conductor, and pianist. He wrote everything from film score to opera. His main claim to fame was an opera called Peter Grimes. After this opera, Britten wrote many more operas excelling in this genre.
Milton Babbitt was an American composer, music theorist, and teacher. He was very instrumental in the area of electronic music and his serial music.
End of WW1
Karel Husa is a Czech born composer and conductor.
Walt Disney Company is founded and Time Magazine is first published.
The FBI gets started under J. Edgar Hoover.
Discovery of penicillin. Mickey Mouse is created.
Stock Market crash
George Crumb is an American composer. He explores unusual timbres of instruments such as the seagull sound of the cello and the metallic vibrato of a piano. Crumb does not compose electronic music but some pieces call for amplification.
"The Star Spangled Banner" is made the official national anthem of the United States.
Sofia Gubaidulina is a Russian composer. She is known for her use of unusual instrumental combinations.
Krzysztof Penderecki is a Polish composer and conductor. He is considered one of Polands greatest living composers. He has written in nearly all genres and has several famous pieces including a string quartet focusing on the semitone and tritone and a piece named Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima.
Arvo Pärt is an Estonian composer. He uses the minimalist technique and pulls inspiration from Gregorian chant.
Superman makes his first appearance for DC comics.
Nazi's invade Poland beginning World War II.
Ellen Taaffe Zwilich is an American composer and the first woman ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music.
Attack on Pearl Harbor.
D-Day happens and first computer comes online.
End of World War II.
John Adams is an American composer. He specializes in the minimalist technique. Adams has a famous piece called Short Ride in a Fast Machine as well as some famous operas like Doctor Atomic which is about the creation of the atomic bomb.
Discover of DNA.
Bright Sheng is a Chinese-American composer, conductor, and pianist.
Launch of Sputnik.
Assassination of John F. Kennedy.
Assassination of Martin Luther King.
End of Vietnam War.
Steve Jobs finishes Apple I.
Fall of the Berlin Wall.