Cold War Events

United States

Iron Curtain

1944

The imaginary line that separates the democratic European countries from the Communist countries.

Containment

1944

The policy directed at blocking Soviet influence and stopping expansion of communism.

Brinkmanship

1944

The willingness to go to the brink, or edge, of war.

Domino Theory

1944

To fall of one nation to communism would lead to the fall of its neighbors.

Yalta Confernece

February 1945

We made Germany pay the Soviet Union to compensate for all that they lost. The Soviet Union agreed to help us fight the Japanese.

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

Truman, Churchill, and Stalin met in Potsdam, Germany to urge Stalin to let the eastern European countries be free.

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1951

We gave money and supplies to European countries. we wanted to stop the spread of communism and Soviet rule.

Explosion of Joe 1

1949

The Soviets exploded their first atom bomb.

Formation of NATO

1949

An alliance of North American countries to reduce the fear of the Soviets.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

The line that divides North Korea and South Korea. The U.S. and 15 other nations fought with South Korea against North Korea and China. North Korea got nuclear weapons but had a poor economy and south Korea prospered.

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

North Vietnamese Communists South Vietnamese Nationalists fought against the French and United States. The United States withdrew and the north took over the south.

Formatio of the Warsaw Pact

1955

The alliance between the soviets, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania.

Suez Canal Crisis

1956

Egypt gained control of the Suez Canal and Britain, France, and Israel got it back.

Sputnik Launched

August 1957

The Soviets launched a satellite and so we had to step up our science and outer space game.

Cuban Missile Crisis

July 1962

The Soviets put nuclear missiles on the coast of Cuba.

Détente

1970

Nixon and Brezhnev. The policy of lessening Cold War tensions.

SALT Talks

1972

Nixon and Brezhnev signed a treaty that reduced the number of intercontinental ballistic and submarine -launched missiles each country could have.

Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

The Soviets invaded and the US sent supplies to help.

Reagan's Strategic Defensive Initiative Plans

1983

a defensive program to protect against enemy missiles. It was never actually used but was a symbol.

USSR

Domino Theory

1944

The fall of one to communism would lead to the fall of its neighbors

Iron Curtain

1944

Imaginary line that represented Europe's division into mostly democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe.

Containment

1944

Policy directed at blocking Soviet influence and stopping the expansion of communism

Brinkmanship

1944

The willingness to go to the brink of war but not actually go to war.

Yalta Conference

February 1945

America, Britain, and we are going to meet at Yalta. Germany has to pay us for loss of life and property. We also agreed to join the war against Japan, and have free elections in Eastern Europe.

Potsdam Confernece

July 1945

Truman, Stalin, and Churchill met at Potsdam, Germany. Truman kept bugging me to permit free elections, but I refused. I think that communism and capitalism can't exist in the same world.

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1951

Provided food, machinery, and other materials to rebuild Western Europe

Formation of NATO

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. An an attack on any NATO member would be met with armed force by all member nations.

Explosion of Joe 1

1949

First nuclear bomb that Russia made.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

38th parallel divided North and South Korea. North Korea, Soviet Union and China vs. South Korea and United States

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

South Vietnam, US, and South Korea vs. North Vietnam, USSR, North Korea, China. Nixon began withdrawing troops in 1969, the last US troops left in 1973. Two years later, the North took over the south.

Formation of Warsaw Pact

1955

Formed because of NATO. Included Soviet Union, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania.

Suez Canal Crisis

1956

Egypt seized control of the Suez Canal. Gamal Abdel Nasser sent in troops to take the canal which was controlled by British

Sputnik

August 1957

The first unmanned satellite, above earth's atmosphere

Cuban Missle Crisis

July 1962

We built 42 missile sites in Cuba. America found out. Told us to stop sending missiles to Cuba. Khrushchev finally took them back.

Detente

1970

Nixon and Brezhnev. Policy of lessening Cold War tensions

SALT Talks

1972

They were a series of meetings called Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between Nixon and Brezhnev.

Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

In the 1950's, our influence began to increase. The Muslim revolt led to us invading in 1979. Our new president withdrew our troops in 1989.

Regan's Strategic Defense Initiative

1983

It was a program to protect against enemy missiles.