History of India

Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire Emerges

1526 - 1757

The Mughal Empire emerged in the 16th century. In the Mughal Empire the emperor ruled with absolute power. The emperor was God's representative on earth and therefore was an interpreter of the Islamic Law. The empire built itself around its strong armies. The Mughal's emperor constantly built alliances with neighbours. Ways in which the Mughal's became alliances with people were either threat or intermarriage. They invaded new territory with their strong armies, which gave them new resources, new armies and much more money.

Marathas Fight For Independence

1681 - 1707

In 1681 the Maratha's started a war with the Mughal Empire. The Maratha's had an army of half a million which was three times the amount of the Mughal's Empire. The war took twenty seven years for a side to victor. The Maratha's came out victorious which ended the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire still had some power in India but their power was very minimal.

Marathas Empire Exists

1707 - 1818

The Maratha's Empire was the empire that deafted the Mughal Emipre. The Maratha's waged a 27 year battle against the Mughals and eventually won. The Maratha's Empire controlled most of India during their time of rule. They changed little to India. For example the Maratha's built a Navy for India. THis gave India a battle advantage agianst oponents. The Maratha's didn't change the rest of India.

End of the Last Mughal Emporer's Reign


Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal Emperor. He lived for 87 years. After Bahadur Shah II died the Mughal Empire died with him. People stopped believing that the Mughal Empire could hold on. Eventually all the people of the Mughal Empire gave up as well. They realized that the Mughal Empire had finished and it was time to move on.

Company Raj

BIEC establishes secure centers of power in India


By 1750 the BEIC had established secure centers of power in India. They had blackmailed the Princes and Princesses of India. They did this by letting then Princes and Princesses kepp their rightful and royal name and letting them have their extravagent house. In exchange the British got the power that they once had. The British did this all around India which gave them many places of power. This changed the government of India. The British now had control over parts of India and the Indians had no way to get it back.

Battle of Plassey


The Battle of Plassey was what led to the BEIC rule. The British fought against the nawab and their French allies but the British won. This led to the BEIC rule of the next 100 years

BIEC becomes offical ruler of Bengal


The British East India Company had defeated Siraj-ud-daulah at the Battle of Plassey in 1757. This was their first step towards taking control of Benga. After the company acquired the Diwani rights from the Mughal emperor,Shah Alam II their control over Bengal was legally acknowledged.


English is made the official language of India


In 1802 English became the official language of India. This was a major change in India because the British had changed the country to suite them. Schooling was taught in English and people were made to speak English. This changed the lives of almost every Indian at that time.

British Territories Stretch Along the Entire Eastern Coast of India


1805 was when the British expanded their territory along the Eastern Coast of India. This allowed ease of trade and also gave them more space to get resources to sell and to expand their control. This was a change at that time because the Indian coastline had been under their control for quite some time.

BIEC ordered to stop trading in India


In 1833 the BEIC was ordered by the British government to stop trading in India. The government had told the BEIC to stop trading and become a government only. This did not change much in India because the BEIC was not doing much when trading. They were only making money.

The Doctrine of Lapse

1848 - 1856

The Doctrine of Lapse was a document that said that if a Indian Prince, Princess, King or Queen were to die with no heir, the power would go to the British.

First railway opens in India


This is a change in India because it enables all people to access all parts of India. This changed many lives in India at that period of time and it happened at the time that the BIEC ruled over India

BIEC hands control of India to the British Government


The BEIC, in 1858, handed all of the power it had in India to the British Government. this was a major change in India because the British Government now had power in India. The British eventually overused their power and the Indians were not happy about it. This led to the Indian Rebellion.

BIEC closes down


In 1874 the British East India company had to be shut down by the British government as the company was becoming weak and they had trouble suppressing the 1857 freedom war (first war of independence) . Shortly after the revolt the company closed down.

British Raj

The Indian Rebellion

1857 - 1858

On the 10th of May 1857 a group of Sepoys shot their commanding officers. This sparked the Indian Rebellion. The Indians rose up against the British. Rumor has it the the bullet magazines had either beef or pig fat in them. Beef and Pig fat are sacred in the Hindi and Islamic religions.