The military needed a fast, tough vehicle. Karl Pabst invented the Jeep.
Waldo Semon invented a much cheaper and easier to produce form of synthetic rubber.
Lyle David Goodloe and W.N. Sullivan invented the aerosol spray can to dispense bug repellent.
Richard James and James Wright invented the Slinky and Silly Putty toys, respectively. Both were very successful.
Jacques Cousteau invented the Scuba (then called the Aqua-Lung) in France in 1943.
The Manhattan Project tested its "Gadget" on July 16th, 1945.
Percy Spencer discovered the cooking properties of microwave radiation on accident. He filed for a patent on October 8, 1945.
John Bardeen and Walter Brattain worked on developing and experimenting with the first transistors. The transistor would revolutionize electronics.
Electrical engineer George de Mestral invented Velcro in 1948 and patented it in 1955
Super Glue was invented in 1942, but it was rediscovered and publicized in 1951 by Harry Coover and Fred Joyner
The first video tape recorder (VTR) was built in 1952 for use by the BBC.
The first diet soda was made by Kirsch Bottling, under the name of No-Cal. At the time it was intended for diabetics, not dieters
George Lerner came up with the idea for a "funny face man" by sticking foods together.
Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam tested the first hydrogen bomb on November 1st, 1952. The hydrogen bomb is a much more powerful version of the atom.
The first test with oral contraceptives began in the December of 1954.
After the starting of the original store in 1940, McDonald's was turned into a franchise in 1955.
IBM introduced HDDs in 1956 for one of their computers
The computer modem was originally put into place to help the USA's air defense system.
Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow patented the first laser while working at Bell Labs.
Earl Bakken developed an external pacemaker, first used on a patient of Doctor Walton Lillehi.
The first successful demonstration of a working microchip took place in 1958, demonstrated by Jack Kilby
Philips, an electronics company, first invented the cassette tape in 1962 for audio storage
Spacewar! is considered one of if not the first computer games ever created. It's creators are Dan Edwards, Peter Samson, and Greatz.
The video disk was invented in 1963. It looks like an over-sized CD and could hold high quality audio and video to show movies with
Valium (Diazepam) was released by Hoffmann-La Rochte, a Swiss health care company. Valium has a wide range of uses
Rowney started producing acrylic pain, a fast-drying water-based paint, in 1964.
Kevlar, used in many defense items, was thought if in 1964 and created in 1965 by Stephanie Kwolek. She was looking for a way to create better car tires at the time.
Contact lenses had been around for a while, but soft lenses were first approved in 1965.
Though produced in the 80's, the concepts and prototypes for the CD were created in 1965 by James Russell
The first handheld calculator was invented by Texas Instruments in 1967. It was called Cal Tech and printed its answers out on paper.
Robert H. Dennard invented the first RAM (Random Access Memory) in 1968. This paved the way for better computers.
The first barcode scanner was installed in 1969 at a Buick factory in Michigan. We use them whenever we shop nowadays.
The first common Automated Teller Machine was market in 1969 by the Burroughs Corporation.
Floppy Disks, very compact computer storage at the time, became available to the public in 1971.
The first microprocessors came in 1971, making leaps in computer technology.
The first video cassette recorder (VCR) was released publicly in Japan in 1971.
Liquid Crystal Displays, often seen in digital clocks, first made major improvements towards usability when a patent was filed in 1971
The first public video-game, Pong, was released by Atari in 1972.
Ethernet, the first step the Internet, was invented by Xerox in 1973.
Liposuction, the surgical removal of fat, was invented in 1974 by Giorgio Fischer.
The laser printer, perhaps the most used type of printer today, was created in 1975.
The other common type of printer, the Ink Jet Printer, was released in 1976.
Raymond V. Damadian invented Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 1977. It's now used commonly in medicine.
Sony started selling the Walkman, a personal music player, in 1979 in Japan.
NTT launched the first public cell phone network in Japan in 1979.
This first period was the time right when the second World War was happening. Sadly, like in all wars, some great inventions came out of it. Most did things that the military would use. Synthetic rubber for gear, the Jeep for transport of troops, Aerosol cans for spraying bug repellent, SCUBA for underwater missions, the Atomic Bomb for destruction, the transistor for radios, and Velcro for gear again. It's sad, but some great and important things that we couldn't live without come out of tragedy and the loss of life.
After the war, many people wanted to calm down. Most of these inventions, the Hydrogen Bomb excluded, helped improve family life. There were toys like Mr. Potato Head and the Barbie Doll. The Pill was created, which was a more radical idea at the time, but it caught on in the endn adn gave women more freedom. Diet soda and McDonald's are things created back then that are still around today. In fact, today could be considered more of a comfortable age than back in the 50's.
This is the longest of the three periods. It is defiantly still going on today. People that have analyzed our rate of growth say that this period is not going to end any time soon. Many things similar to the inventions during the comfort period kept being invented, even more quickly that before, but they got overshadowed. You can see right at the end of the previous period things like the modem and pacemaker were invented. These signaled the start of the computer age. Most of the inventions during this time period were things to do with electronics. Once smaller parts started being made, these inventions became much more plausible. The calculator and word processor are examples of useful things, but many things like cassettes, CD's, videodiscs, and video games were created and marketed for our enjoyment. But it's more than that. The reason that this period is so large is that everything is intertwined. It would be extremely hard to distinguish separate periods for medical inventions, like the pacemaker and Valium, and personal use inventions on the same timeline, since they happen at the exact same time. Things used to be invented as they were needed, so things were similar, but now not many things are truly needed, so we just invent whatever we want.