Peru History

Main

A Great Empire

1200

The Incan Indians built a great empire, which was the start of Peru

Francisco Pizarro Led An Expidition

1520

The Spanish conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, led an expidition to Peru. This is important because they were some of the first foreigners to arrive to Peru.

Now A Spanish Colony

1530

Pizarro conquered the Inca and made Peru a Spanish Colony.

The Capital is Founded

1535

Pizarro founded Peru's capital, Lima.

Revoltion of Mestizos

1780

Led by Tupac Amaru, the Mestizos revolted against the rule of Spain, a first in Peruvian history.

Independance is Proclaimed!

1821

General Jose de San Martin captures Lima from the Spanish and proclaims Peru independant!

Finally Gains Independance

1824

Peru is now officially the last colony in South America to gain independence.

Joins A Confederation

1836

Peru and Bolivia join a short-lived confederation.

Chinese Workers In Peru

1849

About 80,000-100,000 Chinese workers arrive in Peru to do menial jobs such as collecting guano.

WAR!

1866

The Peruvian-Spanish war BEGINS!

Machu Pichu Is Discovered!

1911

American archaeologist Hiram Binghham found Machu Pichu.

El Nino Strikes!

1983

El Nino causes drought in some parts of the country and flooding in others, which causes major economic problems.

57 Year Border Dispute Is Peacefully settled!

1998

Peru signs a treaty with Ecuador to peacefully settle their 57 border dispute.

A President is Elected!

2001

Alejandro Toledo is elected the president of Peru- the first Native Indian person to take the role!

President in Prison!

2009

Alejandro Toledo is sentenced to 25 years in prison because he ordered abuse by the country's security forces.