Abraham Lincoln, an opponent of slavery is elected, unsettling the south states with slavery.
South Carolina first secedes, prompting 10 other states to secede as well and creating a new government, forming the Confederate States of America. They soon attacked and captured Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
The first major land battle and the first battle of Bull Run where the south takes victory over the north.
The first ironclad battle in history, after a daylong battle the Merrimac withdraws resulting in a draw.
Another battle in Bull Run, where the south takes yet another victory
Lee is heavily outnumbered in the battle having to retreat in the end with 23,000 casualties.
Gen. Sherman sends his troops on a destructive 300 mile charge using the "scorched earth" tactic in order to break the will of the south.
Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, not wanting his soldiers to suffer anymore
Abraham declares that all slaves in rebel states would be set free on 1/1/63
The battle of Gettysburg, one of the largest battles in the western hemisphere takes place. After 3 days of battle there are over 50,000 casualties.