APUSH Note Timeline

Main

Columbus Sails

1492

Columbus sails west from spain in search of Asia, reaches Bahama Islands in the Atlantic

First English Establishment in America

1497

John Cabot establishes first English claim in North America

Colonial Period

Founding of Jamestown

1607

Jamestown Founded

Virginia House of Burgesses

1619

Virginia House of Burgesses meets for the first time

African Slaves

1619

First African workers arrive in Virginia.

Plymouth Colony

1620

Pilgrims found Plymouth Colony

New Hampshire and Maine

1629

New Hampshire and Maine Established

Massachusetts

1630

Puritans establish Massachusetts Bay colony at Boston

Hartford

1635

Hartford settled in Connecticut

Rhode Island

1636

Roger Williams founds settlement in Rhode Island

Harvard

1636

Harvard College founded in Massachusetts

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

English Civil War

Anne Hutchinson

1647

Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony

Law

1647

Massachusetts law requires a public school in every twon

Charles I

1649

Charles I was executed

English Restoration

1660

Charles II became King

Halfway Covenant

1662

Halfway Covenant established in New England

Carolina

1663

Carolina colony chartered

Slaves in America

1670 - 1679

Slave traders begin importing slaves directly from Arica to North America some time in the 1670's

War in New England

1675 - 1676

King Phillip's War in New England

Bacons Rebellion

1676

Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia

Pennsylvania

1681

William Penn received charter for Pennsylvania

New England

1686

Dominion of New England established

Glorious Revolution

1688

William and Mary ascend to throne

Catholics in Maryland

1691

Official toleration of Catholics ends in Maryland

Witchcraft Trials

1692

Witchcraft trials begin in Salem

College of William and Mary

1693

College of William and Mary Founded in Virginia

Yale

1701

Yale College founded in Connecticut

Georgia

1732

Georgia Chartered

Great Awakening

1734

Great Awakening begins in Massachusetts

Stono Slave Rebellion

1739

Stono slave rebellion in South Carolina

Indigo Production

1740 - 1749

Indigo production started in South Carolina sometime in the 1740's

College of New Jersey

1746

College of New Jersey founded at Princeton

French and Indian War

French and Indian War, Period of increased British taxation and control of the 13 Colonies

French and Indian War

1754

French and Indian War begins in North America

Albany Plan

1754

Albany Plan for intercolonial cooperation rejected

Seven Year War

1756 - 1763

Seven Years' War begins in Europe

French Army Surrenders

1760

French Army surrenders to Amherst at Montreal

George III

1760

George III becomes king

Sugar Act

1764

The Sugar Act was passed

Currency Act Passed

1764

The currency act was passed

Mutiny Act

1765

The Mutiny Act was passed

Stamp Act

1765

There was a Stamp Act crisis

Stamp Act Repealed

1766

The Stamp Act was repealed because of the crisis

Townshend duties

1767 - 1770

Townshend Duties Imposed. In 1770 most of the duties were gotten rid of

Boston Massacre

1770

The Boston Massacre

Committees of Correspondence

1772

Committees of Correspondence established in Boston

Gaspée

1772

Gaspée incident in Rhode Island

Tea Act

1773

Tea Act was Passed

Boston Tea Party

1773

The Bostonians stages the tea party

Intolerable Acts

1774

The Intolerable Acts were passed

Continental Congress

1774

First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia

Lexington and Concord

1775

Clashes at Lexington and Concord began the American Revolution

Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War, Articles of Confederation

Begin of Revolution

1775

Beging of the American Revolution

George Washington

1775

George Washington was appointed to command the American forces

Bunker Hill

1775

Battle of Bunker Hill

Second Continental Congress

1775

Second Continental Congress meets

Declaration of Independence

1776

Declaration of Independence was debated and signed (July 2-4)

Battle of Trenton

1776

Battle of Trenton

Common Sense

1776

Thomas Paine's Common Sense was published

Constitutions

1776

First constituions were written

Article of Confederation

1777

The adoption of the Articles of Confederation

Valley Forge and Saratoga

1777

Washington camps at Valley Forge for winter. Burgoyne surrenders to Gates at Saratoga

Allies

1778

The French-American alliance was established and the war shifts to the South

Massachusetts Constituion

1780

Massachusetts state constitution was ratified

Slavery Abolished

1780

Slavery was abolished in Pennsylvania

Ratification of Articles of Confederation

1781

Articles of Confederation was ratified

Seceding States

1781 - 1784

States cede western lands to the confederation

Treaty of Paris

1783

The Treaty of Paris with Great Britain recognizes American independence

Slavery Abolished

1783

Slavery in Massachusetts was abolished

Ordinances

1784 - 1785

First ordinances were established with procedures of how to settle the western lands

Shays Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Shay's Rebellion in Massachusetts

Constitution Adopted

1787

Constitution adopted (September 17)

States Ratify Constitution

1787 - 1788

States Ratify Constituion

Constitutional Convention

1787

Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia meets

First Presidnet

1789

Washing became the first president

Bill of Rights

1789

Bill of Rights adopted by Congress

First Bank of US

1791

First Bank of the United States was chartered

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney Invented Cotton Gin

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Whiskey Rebellion quelled in Pennsylvania

Anthony Wayne

1794

Anthony Wayne defeats Indians in Ohio

Pickney's Treaty

1795

Pinckney's Treaty was signed

John Adams

1796

John Adams elected president

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Alien and Sedition Acts passed

XYZ Affair

1798

XYZ Affair precipitates state of quasi war with France

Jefferson and Burr

1800

Jefferson and Bur tie vote in electoral college

Washington D.C.

1800

United States capital moved to Washington D.C.

Jefferson President

1801

Jefferson became president after Congress confirms election

Second Great Awakening

1801

Second Great Awakening begins

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Louisiana Territory purchased from French

Jefferson Re-elected

1804

Jefferson was re-elected president

Lewis and Clark

1804 - 1805

Lewis and Clark and Zebulon Pike, explore Louisiana Territory

Madison President

1808 - 1816

Madison was President during this time

War on Great Britain

1812

US declared war on Great Britain (June 18)

Era of Good Feelings, War of 1812, and Jacksonian Era

Era of Good Feelings

1812 - 1826

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Treaty of Ghent

1814

Ended the War of 1812

War Hawks Economic Plan

1816

Second Bank of the United States
The First Bank charter expired in 1811 with the economy falling into a muddle and state banking exploding without regulation and much fraud. Madison and most younger Democratic Republicans voted for the Second Bank of the US (usually abbreviated to 2nd BUS) because the embarrassment that the government couldn't float loans nor transfer funds across the country during the war.
Federal Government owned one fifth of the stock and appointed five of the twenty-five directors of this quasi-governmental institution
Internal Improvements
Wanted Federal Government to invest in constructing canals and railroads
Federal Government constructed National Road
Protective Tariff
Passed mildly protective tariff in 1816, and increased level of protection in 1824. A protective tariff taxed imported goods in order to protect fledgling American industrialization. Will become extremely important in 1828

Monroe President

1817 - 1824

Monore was president

Convention of 1818

1818

The Convention of 1818 was signed by the U.S. and British Canada. This treaty gave the United States fishing rights off parts of the Newfoundland and Labrdor coastsand established the border between Canada and the U.S. Both countries also agreed to a joint qccupation of the Pacific Northwest.

Jackson Invades Florida

1818

General Jackson and his troops were sent to Florida by Monroe to capture Seminole raiders. This invasion began the first Seminole War betweeen the U.S. and the Seminoles. During the war, the U.S. seized most of Spain's important military posts and overthrew the governer of Florida. He had done so without permission from Monroe.His actions even angered some British and Spanish leaders.

Adams Onis Treaty

1819

The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 was signed , stating that Spain gave Florida to the United States. In return th United States gave up its claim on Texas and took up te responsibility for $5 million of U.S. citizens' claims against Spain.

Panic of 1819

1819 - 1821

British demand for US cotton decreased (and thus the price of cotton dropped like a rock) because UK started to import cotton from India
Banks get caught flat from overextending credit to buy western lands because the drop in cotton prices affected land prices as well. Banks had to call in loans to pay for demand for cash by depositors. Many banks could not collect their loans quickly enough and therefore went bankrupt, leaving depositors without funds to pay the loans they owed. Became a viscious cycle.

Jacksonian Era

1820 - 1850

Missouri Compromise

1820

The Missouri Compromise was approved. It ended the dispute between the House and the senate on whether Missouri, being a slave state, should be allowed into the Union. The agreement stated that Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state while Maine joined as a ree state. It also declared that slavery was prohibited north of the 36°30' line.

Monroe Doctrine

1824

The Monroe Doctrine is issued which states that no european power shall interfere with any country in the Americas and that the United States shall not interfere in europe as well. If any interference was made in the Americas by the european powers, it would be considered a hostile act which would not be ignored.

Erie Canal

1825

The Erie Canal was finished, at 363 miles long and 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep. although many human lives were lost, the canal was a great success, shortening travel times and allowing the nearby towns to expand due to the increased traffic. The opening of the canal started a canal-buiding boom across the country.

Tarriff of Abominations

1828

Tariffs generally opposed by South and New England, but favored by West and Mid-Atlantic States
Andrew Jackson's supporters via a scheme by John C. Calhoun proposed new tariff to raise duties on raw materials so high that all would opose them. Sought to politically join New England manufacturers and merchants to the South, but Northerners actually supported much of the tariff and the bill passed.
Calhoun resigned job as Jackson's Vice President and returned to South Carolina to write South Carolina Exposition and Protest which set forth an explicit method by which a state could nullify an act of Congress that the state considered unconstitutional. Calhoun immediately elected to US Senate from SC.

Panic of 1837

1837

Trail of Tears

1837

Mexican War

1845

Discovery of Gold in California

1849

Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny

1800 - 1860

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Purchase of Florida

1819

Annexation of Texas

1845

Oregon Territory

1846

Mexican Cession (War with Mexico)

1848

Gadsden Purchase

1853

Civil War

Lincoln President

1860

Abraham Lincoln wins a four-way race for President of the United States. Although he does not win a popular majority and is not even on the ballot in nine southern states, he earns enough electoral votes to beat all other opponents.

South Carolina Secede

1860

South Carolina officially secedes from the Union, becoming the first state to do so.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Confederate Constitution

1861

The Confederate Constitution was signed in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil War Begins

1861

Confederate forces under General P.G.T. Beauregard bombard Major Robert Anderson and his Union soldiers at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War officially begins.

Union Surrender at Fort Sumter

1861

RANGEEND_SUMTER Major Robert Anderson surrenders Fort Sumter to Confederate forces after two days of bombardment.

Secession 2

1861

Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, and North Carolina secede from the Union

Secession

1861

Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas all seceded.

Lincoln Inauguration

1861

Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth President of the United States. In his Inaugural Address he gives a stark warning to the South: he will not tolerate secession.

Lincoln Requests Army

July 4, 1861

Asks Congress to allow him to call for 500,000 men

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

The First Battle of Bull Run pits Union General Irvin McDowell against the new Confederate army. McDowell is defeated causing a panicked retreat back to Washington, which is about forty miles away. The withdrawal is hampered by the large numbers of spectators who are there to see the battle.

Moniter vs. Merrimack

March 9, 1862

The Confederate ironclad USS Merrimack battles the Union ironclad USS Monitor in Chesapeake Bay. The battle is a draw but it makes wooden ships obsolete and ushers in the era of steel warships, changing naval warfare forever.

The Seven Days

June 25, 1862

Over the course of seven days of fighting, General Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan's Union Army of the Potomac near Richmond, Virginia. Huge casualties cause McClellan to withdraw north towards Washington.

Second Battle of Bull Run

August 30, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull Run is a resounding victory for Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. Union General John Pope is blamed for the loss and is relieved of his duties after the battle.

Anietam

September 17, 1862

The Battle of Antietam is the bloodiest day in United States history. Over 26,000 men are killed, wounded or missing in action on both sides. Though officially a draw, the battle stops General Robert E. Lee's invasion of Maryland and he retreats back to Virginia.

Preliminary Emancipation

September 22, 1862

Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declares his intention to free all slaves in any new territory captured by the Union Army.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. It frees all slaves in territory captured by the Union Army, and orders the enlistment of black soldiers. From this point forward, the Civil War is a war over slavery.

Gettysburg Address

1863

President Lincoln delivers the two-minute Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the National Cemetery at the battlefield in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Military Draft

March 3, 1863

Congress enacts the first draft in American history, requiring every man to serve in the army unless he can furnish a substitute or pay the government $300. These escape provisions are wildly unpopular with workers and recent immigrants, and lead to draft riots in New York and other northern cities.

Gettysburg

July 1, 1863

From July 1 to July 4, the Union Army under General Meade defeats Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. One of the bloodiest battles of the war, Gettysburg is a turning point, and marks the farthest advance of the Confederate Army into northern territory.

13th Amendment

January 31, 1865

Make slavery illegal

Second Lincoln Inaugural

March 4, 1865

Inaugurated but got shot later the next month during a play at the Ford's Theater.

Battle of Shiloh

April 8, 1962 - April 9, 1962

Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces are surprised at the town of Shiloh in Tennessee. The ensuing battle results in 13,000 Union and 10,000 Confederate casualties, more than in all previous American wars combined.

Reconstruction

Lincoln Announces Preliminary Reconstruction Plan

1863

Reconstruction Government

1867

Souther establish Reconstruction government under congressional plan

Grant President

1868 - 1876

14th Amendment

1868

14th Amendment Ratified

Jim Crow Laws

1890 - 1899

Jim Crow laws passed throughout South and Lynchings increased

Plessy vs. Furgeson

1896

Plessy v. Ferguson upholds "separate but equal" racial facilities

Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Corruption in Grant Administration

1875

A federal grand jury indicts 238 people—including President Ulysses S. Grant's personal secretary, General O.E. Babcock, and dozens of whiskey distillers and revenue officials—for conspiring to defraud the United States government of tax revenues.

Telephone

1876

Inventor Alexander Graham Bell successfully transmits a human voice over a wire. The telephone will revolutionize personal and business communication.

Indian Fights

1877 - 1890

A number of tribes in the Plains are defeated in their struggles against American encroachment. Wounded Knee is the final battle

The Great Railroad Strike

1877

The Great Railroad Strike spreads across half of the country before it ultimately fails.

Immigration

1880 - 1889

Another great wave of immigration from Europe begins. Irish, Italians, Polish, Czechs, Slavs, and European Jews all diversify the nation's heritage.

Interstate Commerce Act

1887

Congress passes the Interstate Commerce Act, creating the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to regulate the railroads. The Supreme Court interprets the ICC's powers so narrowly that it is rendered essentially powerless by the early twentieth century.

Steel Production

1889

For the first time, the U.S. produces more steel than Great Britain. America's status as an industrial power is secured.

Chicago

1890

The Union Stockyards in Chicago slaughter 9 million animals in a year. Chicago becomes known as the "hog-butcher of the world".

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890

Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act to prohibit trusts (monopolies), which have grown rapidly over recent decades. This federal legislation supplements and further strengthens many preexisting state laws that lack the power to govern interstate commerce. Any contract, combination (monopoly or otherwise), or conspiracy in restraint of interstate and foreign trade is declared illegal. Violators will be charged with maximum penalties of a $5,000 fine and imprisonment for one year. Problematically, the nation's courts use this Act to deem labor unions and agricultural cooperatives among the forbidden combinations in the restraint of trade.

Panic of 1893

1893

The Panic of 1893 triggers a deep economic depression, particularly affecting agricultural areas. Populist Party expands its strength.

McKinley Assassination

1901

Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as president of the United States after President William McKinley dies eight days after being shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz.

First Airplane

1903

The Wright Brothers successfully fly their first airplane in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

Food and Drug Act

1906

Congress passes the Pure Food and Drug Act in response to exposés of the patent-drug, meatpacking, and food industries.

Meat Inspection

1906

On the same day as it passes the Pure Food and Drug Act, Congress also approves its second Meat Inspection law to date. The U.S. Drug Administration must inspect all animals destined for human consumption—cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and swine—before they are slaughtered. Carcasses are subject to post-mortem inspections and slaughterhouses and processing plants must uphold cleanliness standards.

Henry Ford

1908

Henry Ford produces the first Model T and creates an assembly line that will revolutionize American industry.

Fire Ignites Public

1911

A fire breaks out in the supposedly "fireproof" Asch building where Triangle Waist Company occupied the eighth, ninth, and tenth floors. The shirtwaists that hang on lines above the workers' heads and the shirtwaist cuttings that litter the floors quickly ignite, allowing the blaze to spread rapidly. The workers are locked inside the factory; some jump to their deaths to avoid burning alive. In all, 146 people die in the blaze, all within half an hour. This incident ignites public opinion against unsafe urban working conditions and the plight of young female immigrant workers.

Wilson Elected

1912

With the Republican vote split between Taft and Progressive candidate Roosevelt, the Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson is elected president. Wilson only polls a plurality of the popular vote (41.9%), but a commanding electoral majority of 435. Roosevelt embarrasses the incumbent Taft by winning 27.4% of the votes to his 23.2%. Socialist Eugene V. Debs wins 6% of all votes cast, or just over 900,000 people.

Federal Reserve

1913

The Federal Reserve is established, bringing central banking back to the United States

16th Amendment

1913

The 16th Amendment establishes a federal income tax -- one of the biggest victories for the Progressive Movement.

17th Amendment

1913

The Seventeenth Amendment is ratified, allowing for the direct election of U.S. Senators instead of through state legislators.

Hammer v. Dagenhart

1917

The Supreme Court declares the Keating-Owen Act (against child labor) unconstitutional in Hammer v. Dagenhart on the grounds that it employs federal control of interstate commerce for noncommercial objectives and that it interferes with state police powers.

Sedition Act

1918

Congress passes the Sedition Act, an even more repressive measure than the Espionage Act. Along with the Sabotage Act of 20 April, it expands the penalties of the Espionage Act to apply to anyone who discourages military recruiting, interferes with government bond sales, or criticizes the government, the Constitution, service uniforms, the flag, or the war or even wartime production levels.

18th Amendment

1919

The 18th Amendment establishes Prohibition -- another Progressive victory.

Treaty of Versailles to Senate

1919

President Wilson presents the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate for ratification.

Wilson Stroke

1919

After speaking in Pueblo, Colorado on a nationwide tour to raise public support for the Treaty of Versailles, President Wilson collapses with severe headaches. He suffers a stroke a few days later and spends the last eighteen months of his presidency in a quasi-invalid state.

Market Crash

1929

A steep crash in the stock market precipitates the Great Depression

WW1 and WW2

Archduke Assassination

1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo. His death is the event that sparks World War I.

Lusitania Sinks

1915

A German submarine sinks the passenger liner Lusitania. The ship carries 1,198 people, 128 of them Americans.

Selective Service Act

1917

Congress passes the Selective Service Act authorizing the draft. Although criticized for destroying democracy at home while fighting for it abroad, President Wilson claims he sees no other option and signs the bill into law.

U.S. Enters War

1917

Congress authorizes a declaration of war against Germany. The United States enters World War I on the side of France and Britain.

Zimmerman Telegram

1917

British intelligence gives Wilson the so-called Zimmermann Telegram, a message from German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann proposing that Mexico side with Germany in case of war between Germany and the United States. In return, Germany promises to return to Mexico the "lost provinces" of Texas and much of the rest of the American Southwest. Mexico declines the offer, but the outrage at this interference in the Western Hemisphere pushes American public opinion to support entering the war.

Chateau-Thierry

1918

The Americans attack the Germans at Chateau-Thierry. This battle would morph into the larger Battle of Belleau Wood.

Battle of Belleau Wood

1918

The Battle of Belleau Wood begins as the U.S. Marine Corps attacks the Germans across an open field of wheat, suffering huge casualties.

Belleau Wood Ends

1918

RANGEENDBELLEAUWOOD The Battle of Belleau Wood ends with the final expulsion of the Germans from the wood, which marks the farthest German advance on Paris. The area has changed hands six times during the three-week battle, which has caused nearly 10,000 American casualties.

Armistice Day

Nov 9, 1918

An Armistice is signed ending fighting on the Western Front.

Kellogg-Briand Pact

1920

It was a pact where France wanted the US to join them in a treaty against Germany

Dawes Plan

1920

The US gives money to Germany and then Germany pays Europe and then Europe pays the US what they owe them

Washington Conference 1921

1921

A conference to talk about decreasing the size of the navy

Mussolini

1921

Gains control of Italy

Hitler

1933

Elected Chancellor and quickly becomes a dictator

Neutrality Acts

1935 - 1937

Basically said we weren’t going to send ships to help the allies

China 1937

1937

This starts WW2 in Asia because Japan attacks the rest of China

Lend Lease Act

1937

Allowed for FDR to give the British weapons rather them selling them to them

Treaty of Munich

1938

Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier of France and Mussolini of Italy met in Munich and agreed that Hitler should have the Sudetanland of Czechoslovakia. The Czechs were not represented at the meeting and realising that no country would come to their aid were forced to surrender the Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler assured those at the meeting that this was the extent of his ambitions for expansion. Chamberlain returned to England with a piece of paper signed by Hitler, proclaiming 'peace in our time.'

The WW2 started in 1939 in Europe and then also in 1938 when Japan invaded China

1939

D-Day

1944

The day we finally opened a second front against Germany It did ultimately work but a lot of people died in this invasion

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

We dropped the atomic bomb on them which ultimalely led to their surrender

VE Day

May 8, 1945

Victory in Europe Day or the day that we defeated the Germans but the War wasn’t over because we were still fighting the Japanese

Cold War, Korean War, Vietnam War

Communist takeover in Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia

1945 - 1948

Begin of Cold War

February 4, 1945

Escelation of Troops

1946 - 1968

First Indochina War

1946 - 1954

Berlin Air Lift

1948

We fly supplies to the people on the fee side of berlin

Berlin Blockade

1948

Sputnik

1949

The soviets put a satellite into space and we believed could watch us. Caused paranoia.

Nato

1949

Stalin Approves Korean Invasion

1950

North Korean leader Kim Il Sung goes to Moscow to ask Soviet leader Josef Stalin's permission to invade South Korea and begin the Korean War. Stalin gives the green light because he believes the United States has little interest in Korea.

North Korea Invades

1950

Communist North Korean troops launch a full-scale invasion of the South, beginning the open military phase of the Korean War. North Korean tanks and infantry surge across the 38th parallel into South Korean territory, quickly overrunning the defensive positions of overmatched South Korean forces. The Communists continue their southward advance, meeting little resistance in the countryside.

Battle of Osan

1950

American ground troops go into battle against Northern Korean forces at Osan (just south of Seoul on the western side of the peninsula). The Americans, expecting an easy victory over an overmatched foe, are stunned to discover that the North Korean army will be a formidable adversary. The Americans suffer 150 casualties in the battle and fail to halt the North Koreans' southward advance.

China Enters Korean War

1950

Chinese leader Mao Zedong, fearful of the consequences of hostile American forces taking up positions along his country's border at the Yalu River, orders hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers into battle in Korea. The massive Chinese intervention into the Korean conflict catches American military leaders completely off guard, leading to a series of crushing defeats. American prospects in the Korean War deteriorate rapidly, as hopes of imminent victory give way to a desperate struggle to avoid defeat.

Truman Authorizes Advance

1950

President Truman authorizes General MacArthur to order his forces to pursue the retreating North Koreans across the 38th parallel, into North Korean territory. This decision marks a fundamental enlargement in American war arms, now expanded from merely rescuing South Korea to rolling back the Communist regime in North Korea. Truman's orders direct MacArthur to keep pushing northward as long as he does not encounter Soviet or Chinese opposition and he remains confident of victory.

Korean War Armistice

1953

After nearly two years of negotiations, diplomats from the United States, North Korea, and China reach agreement on an armistice to end the "UN peace action" in Korea without a formal peace treaty. Both sides claim victory; Korea remains divided at the 38th parallel.

Geneva Talks Fail

1954

At a high-level conference in Geneva, representatives from the United States and China fail to resolve the Korean issue. The armed stalemate at the 38th parallel will continue indefinitely.

Warsaw Pact

1955

Second Phase

1956 - 1964

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Vietnam War

1963 - 1974

Token Gulf Resolution

1964

Third Phase

1964 - 1973

Tokin Gulf Incident

August 1964

Tet Offense

January 1968

The Vietnam forces all came out of the Jungle and surprise attacked us Took many towns from us and it was a bit of an embarrassment In the next few weeks we took back the towns and inflicted large amount of casualties to them

My Lai Massacre

March 16, 1968

300 citizens were killed because they were thought to be army

Non Nuclear Treaty

1970

Christmas Bombings

1972

War Powers Act of 1973

1973

Puts some restrictions on the Presidents Ability to involve us in another country
48 Hours
60-Day Commitment: after 60 days the troops would have to be removed from the other country and returned home

Fall of Saigon

1975

South Vietnam was taken over after the US left

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

Fall of Berlin Wall

1989

Disintegration of the USSR

1991

South Korea Apologizes for Summer of Terror

2008

South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun, citing the findings of his Truth and Reconciliation Commission, formally apologizes for the atrocities committed during the "summer of terror" in 1950, calling them "illegal acts the then-state authority committed."7

Watergate, Reagan Presidency, 9/11, "Great Recession", and Obama Elected

Watergate Break-In

1972

June 16, 1972: In room 214 of the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C., seven men gathered to finalize their plans to break in to the Democratic National Committee's (DNC) headquarters, located on the sixth floor of one of the Watergate complex's six buildings

The Connection to the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP)

August 1, 1972

On August 1, 1972, a $25,000 cashiers check earmarked for the Nixon re-election campaign was found in the bank account of one of the Watergate burglars. Further investigation revealed that, in the months leading up to their arrests, more thousands had passed through their bank and credit card accounts, supporting the burglars' travel, living expenses, and purchase,. Several donations (totaling $89,000) were made by individuals who thought they were making private donations to the President's re-election committee. The donations were made in the form of cashier's, certified, and personal checks, and all were made payable only to the Committee to Re-Elect the President. However, through a complicated fiduciary set-up, the money actually went into an account owned by a Miami company run by Watergate burglar Bernard Barker

Hunt, Liddy, and the 5 Watergate burglars were indicted by a federal grand jury.

September 15, 1972

Stagflation

1974

When there is both recession and inflation. Keynesians dont know how to fix this.

Impeachment Investigation

February 6, 1974

On March 1, 1974, indictments were handed down for what the press dubs "the Watergate Seven": Former Attorney General and Nixon campaign manager John N. Mitchell, former White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, former Nixon aide John Ehrlichman, former White House counsel Charles Colson, White House Aide to Haldeman Gordon C. Strachan, aide to Mitchell and CREEP counsel Robert Mardian, and CREEP counsel Kenneth Parkinson. Former White House Counsel John Dean had taken a plea bargain back in October. Nixon was named an "unindicted co-conspirator" by the grand jury.

Resignation of Nixon

August 9, 1974

Reagan Elected

Nov 4, 1980

Ronald Reagan wins the presidency, crushing incumbent Democratic President Jimmy Carter in an electoral landslide. The Republican Reagan wins 44 states, compared to just six for Carter.

Reagan Inagurated

Jan 20, 1981

Ronald Reagan is sworn in as the 40th President of the United States. In his inaugural address, Reagan declares that "Government is not the solution to our problem. Government is the problem."

Reagan Attempted Assassination

March 30, 1981

Ronald Reagan is shot by a deranged would-be assassin named John Hinckley, who hopes –bizarrely—that killing the president will win him the affections of Hollywood actress Jodie Foster. Reagan takes a bullet to the chest, the shell passing within one inch his heart, but goes on to make a speedy recovery.

First Female Judge

Sep, 1981

President Reagan appoints Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female justice, to the Supreme Court of the United States.

Recession

1982

The United States endures its worst economic recession since the Great Depression. For the first time since the 1930s, the American unemployment rate exceeds 10%. President Reagan's approval ratings fall to an all-time low of 35%.

Severe Recession Begins

1982

Strategic Defense Initiative

March 23, 1983

In a nationally televised address, President Reagan unveils his Strategic Defense Initiative, a proposal to build space-based lasers capable of shooting down incoming nuclear missiles. The press will later label the futuristic and expensive plan "Star Wars."

US Invades Granada

Oct. 25, 1983

The United States invades the tiny Caribbean island of Grenada, overthrowing the country's Marxist dictatorship.

Iran-Contra Affair

October 1984

Congress passes a law banning the diversion of US government funds to support Nicaragua's anticommunist Contra rebels. The Reagan Administration violates the new law, eventually leading to the Iran-Contra Crisis of 1986-87.

Reagan Reelected in Historic Landslide

Nov. 4, 1984

Ronald Reagan wins a second term as president, defeating Democratic challenger Walter Mondale in another electoral landslide. Reagan wins 59% of the popular vote and every state but Mondale's home of Minnesota. One out of every four registered Democrats crosses party lines to vote for Reagan.

Reagan Meets Gorbachev

Nov. 19, 1985

American President Ronald Reagan meets directly with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev for the first time at a summit meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. The two leaders agree to work to reduce both countries' stockpiles of nuclear weapons.

Challenger Disaster

Jan. 28, 1986

The space shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after liftoff, killing all six astronauts and one civilian—elementary school teacher Christa McAuliffe—aboard. In a moving tribute delivered a few hours after the disaster, President Reagan says, "The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honored us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for their journey and waved good-bye and slipped the surly bonds of earth to touch the face of God."

Iran-Contra Scanda

Nov. 3, 1986

A Lebanese magazine breaks the explosive news that the United States has been secretly selling weapons to Iran. The revelation, quickly confirmed by the Iranian government, marks the beginning of the Iran-Contra Scandal.

Reagan Apology

March 4, 1987

President Reagan goes on national TV to deliver a confusing apology for Iran-Contra: "A few months ago I told the American people I did not trade arms for hostages," he says. "My heart and my best intentions tell me that's true, but the facts and evidence tell me it's not."

Berlin Wall Torn Down

Jun. 12, 1987

President Reagan delivers a speech in Berlin, calling upon Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev to dismantle the Berlin Wall and open the eastern bloc to greater freedoms. "General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"

9/11

September, 2001

World Trad Center Hit by two Planes

September 2001

Two hi-jacked planes were flown into the trade center

One plane flown into the Pentagon

September 2001

5 Planes Hijacked After leaving Airport

September 2001

Obama Elected

2008

First African American to be elected Presdient

Great Depression and New Deal Era

Wall Street Crash

Oct 1929

The American stock market collapses, signaling the onset of the Great Depression. The Dow Jones Industrial Average peaks in September 1929 at 381.17—a level that it will not reach again until 1954. The Dow will bottom out at a Depression-era low of just 41.22 in 1932.

Unemployment in 1930

1930

Unemployment averages 8.9% for the year.

Smoot-Hawley Tariff

June 17, 1930

Congress passes the Smoot-Hawley Tariff, steeply raising import duties in an attempt to protect American manufactures from foreign competition. The tariff increase has little impact on the American economy, but plunges Europe farther into crisis.

Unemployment in 1931

1931

16.3% for the year

Major Bank Colapse

Dec 1931

New York's Bank of the United States collapses in the largest bank failure to date in American history.[M31] $200 million in deposits disappear, and the bank's customers are left holding the bag.

Unemployment in 1932

1932

Unemployment averages 24.1% for the year.

FDR Pledges New Deal

July 1, 1932

Franklin D. Roosevelt wins the Democratic Party's nomination for the presidency, prevailing on the fourth ballot at the Democratic Convention in Chicago. In a break with precedent, Roosevelt travels to Chicago to accept the nomination in person. "I pledge you, I pledge myself," Roosevelt declares, "to a new deal for the American people."

Roosevelt Elected

November 8, 1932

Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover in a landslide to win the presidency. Hoover wins only six states as FDR steamrolls to victory with more than 57% of the popular vote and 89% of the electoral vote.

1933 Unemployment

1933

Unemployment averages 24.9% for the year.

Bank Stablilization

March 9, 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt calls Congress into special session, sending up as his first piece of proposed legislation a bill to stabilize the country's failing banking system. Congress passes the bill that very day.

Economy Bill

March 11, 1933

Congress passes Franklin D. Roosevelt's economy bill, slashing government spending by cutting $500 million in scheduled payments to veterans and federal employees.

Confidence in Banks Restored

March 13, 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt lifts the nationwide bank holiday he imposed one week earlier. Customers, buoyed by FDR's confidence in the banking system, deposit more money than they withdraw, ending the country's banking crisis.

Prohibition Ends

March 22, 1933

At Franklin D. Roosevelt's request, Congress ends Prohibition, legalizing the sale of beer with an alcohol content of up to 3.2%. While a few old-line "dry" Senators attempt to filibuster the bill, House members invade the Senate chamber, chanting "Vote! Vote! We want beer!"

Gold Standard Ends

April 19, 1933

The United States goes off the gold standard, allowing inflationary forces to begin to lift the economy.

Agricultural Adjustment Act

May 12, 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Agricultural Adjustment Act, which seeks to alleviate rural misery by reducing farm output and raising prices.

Federal Emergency Relief Act

May 12, 1933

Congress passes the Federal Emergency Relief Act, distributing hundreds of millions of dollars to the states for dispersal to the one-fourth of the national workforce unable to obtain jobs.

Tennessee Valley Authority

May 18, 1933

Congress creates the Tennessee Valley Authority to build dams and provide cheap public power, irrigation, and fertilizer while promoting economic development in the impoverished Tennessee River Valley.

Banking Act of 1933

June 16, 1933

Congress passes the Banking Act of 1933, which establishes the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which virtually ends bank failures in America.

21st Amendment

Dec 5, 1933

The Twenty-First Amendment takes full effect, ending Prohibition not only on beer and wine—legalized in March—but also on hard liquor.

Unemployment in 1934

1934

Has begun to go down to 21.7%

Collective Bargaining Established

July 5, 1935

Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Wagner National Labor Relations Act, which re-establishes the right to collective bargaining that had been thrown out by the Supreme Court along with the rest of the NRA in the Shechter decision.

Social Security Act

August 14, 1935

Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, the signature piece of legislation of the entire New Deal era, which permanently changes the relationship between the American people, their government, and the free market.

Wealthy Tax

August 30, 1935

Congress passes Franklin D. Roosevelt's "wealth tax," a largely symbolic measure that raises the top tax rate to 79%. Still, more than 95% of American families pay no income tax at all.

Unemployment in 1936

1936

16.9%

Roosevelt Re-Elected

Nov 3, 1936

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a second term as president, winning in a landslide over Republican Alf Landon. Roosevelt wins every state but Maine and Vermont.

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish

March 27, 1937

In West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, the Supreme Court upholds a Washington state minimum-wage law. Conservative justice Owen Roberts, who previously sided with the anti-New Deal bloc on the court, votes with the majority, creating a new pro-New Deal majority and ensuring that government interventions into the economy will no longer be overturned as unconstitutional.

Unemployment 1939

1939

Unemployment is going down and will continue to go down until at normal rates