Francisco Pizarro once ruled Peru.
The Spanish were not defeated until 1824.
This war is what caused Spain to agree to Peru's independence.
This was an unsuccessful war that Peru had with Chile.
The election of President Jose Luis Bustamente y Rivero. This was the first free election in decades.
Fernando Belaunde Terry was overthrown by Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado.
Velasco was replaced in a bloodless coup by his prime minister, Gen. Francisco Morales Bermuodez
69,000 people were killed. 54% by rebels, and 30% by military. Militias were responsible for the remainder.
This campaign led to civilian rights abuses and disappearances.
Belaunde Terry was elected again. He was the last civilian president.