Cold War- Nicaragua

Economical

National Security Decision Directive

1982

President Reagan signs this doctrine, which gave the CIA permission to recruit and support the Contras with 19 million dollars in military aid.

24 million spent

1984

By this time, the United States has spent 24 million dollars on aiding the Contras

Boland Amandment

1985

Congress cut off all funding to the Contra's in 1985 by the Boland Amendment

Political

Somoza Family gains power

1927

FSLN Formed

1962

Earthquake Destroys Mangua

1972

Ortega becomes president, FSLN gains power

1979

Cultural

Nicaraguan Literacy Campaign initiated

1979

Within five months, the illiteracy rate in Nicaragua dropped from 50.3% to 12.9%. This was started by the Sandinistas.

Institute for Studies of Sandinismo founded

1980

Founded by the FSLN (the Sandinistas). Studied the ideologies of the FSLN.

Editorial Nueva Nicaragua created

1983

New editorial brand that was provided by the FSLN to the public. It was a new way to learn the news and it started a new lifestyle for the people of Nicaragua.