US history (1800-present)

Jefferson's Presidency

Pinckney Treaty


Gives the US Alabama and Mississippi.

Election of 1800


important bc power shifts peacefully to other side... shows success of govt.

Washington D.C.


Inaugural city for the first time

Louisiana Purchase


Louisiana and part of Mississippi
Jefferson paid almost $15 million and went against the Constitution because he knew we needed to get France and Napoleon out

Lewis and Clark

1804 - 1806

Set out for the Pacific to map out things and also science and plants and animals and things. Jefferson sent them.

The Minnetarees had adopted Sacagawea, and Lewis and Clark found her, taking her on their expedition. She helped them find food and talk to other people and was reunited with her original family. Had very good relations with the Indians--medals of friendship.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

Blocked British and French ships during the Napoleonic War because there kept being bombings and things

Imported Slavery Closure


Legal closure, but more smuggling

Madison's Presidency

Non-Intercourse Act

1809 - 1810

Trade with everyone but Britain and France, replaced Embargo Act

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Against England and their Indian allies. Treasury weakened, first time nationalism develops, etc. We lost. Then, Jackson didn't know we lost, so he used it as an excuse to attack some Indians. Technically, he won that last battle. Sort of makes people think they won and gives Jackson higher approval ratings.



Opened first textile mill --> factory big business yeah
Used water power, which was called the Waltham System
Textiles usually a woman or child's work, encouraged female independence and working

Treaty of Ghent


Said we would give the Natives all their land taken in battle, but the govt. didn’t feel like stopping citizens from getting it, especially since that made them money

Federalist Convention thing


Met up in Hartford to try to fix some things... no 3/5 compromise, restrictions on Congress declaring war, only natural citizens in Congress, etc.


Hamilton's First Report on the Public Credit


Addressed everything, grand plan to promote industry after British model... Paterson falls = power = large industrial hub
Favored strong central govt.

Mutual Aid Societies


Organized in Philly for African Americans--children education n shi

American Colonization Society


Formed to send blacks back to Liberia.

National Sunday School Union


Formed in Philly--reflected even more branching out in terms of religion, like African American churches and denominational publishing houses and such.

Monroe's Presidency

Erie Canal


Mayor Clinton convinced NY to build the canal with tax money ($5 per capita)



Started become more and more popular; people started owning rights to use of water, i.e. Fulton with NY waters.

McCulloch v. Maryland


MA tried to tax Baltimore branch of national bank; states can’t tax (destroy) parts of the federal government

Darmouth v. Woodward


NH wanted to edit original British charter of Dartmouth College, ruled that they couldn’t; rights of people are best protected through rights of contract

Transcontinental Treaty


Spain gave Florida to US and in return the US agreed to pay $5 million claims against Spain made by Americans; defined more clearly Mexican border and US gave up Texas and Louisiana

Panic of 1819


Credit collapsed in Cincinnati

Factoid about commerce y'all


Napoleonic wars = fewer jobs in Europe = lots of ports and cities on the east coast = lots of immigration, etc. etc.

In the south, slavery managed to preserve a mostly agrarian lifestyle. The south had some manufacturing in the form of textile mills, iron foundries, lumber mills, etc. and some supported trade and communication greatly.

Missouri Compromise


Henry Clay that Missouri enter as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and for the future there could be slavery in the Arkansas Territory but not in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase area



Open! Yay settlers!

Gibbons v. Ogden


Fulton had a monopoly over sailing in NY, and he gave Ogden a monopoly over the Hudson, which conflicted with Gibbons’ recently paid for rights to sail; court ruled in favor of Gibbons and federal government