US history (1800-present)

Jefferson's Presidency

Pinckney Treaty

1795

Gives the US Alabama and Mississippi.

Election of 1800

1800

important bc power shifts peacefully to other side... shows success of govt.

Washington D.C.

1801

Inaugural city for the first time

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Louisiana and part of Mississippi
Jefferson paid almost $15 million and went against the Constitution because he knew we needed to get France and Napoleon out

Lewis and Clark

1804 - 1806

Set out for the Pacific to map out things and also science and plants and animals and things. Jefferson sent them.

The Minnetarees had adopted Sacagawea, and Lewis and Clark found her, taking her on their expedition. She helped them find food and talk to other people and was reunited with her original family. Had very good relations with the Indians--medals of friendship.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

Blocked British and French ships during the Napoleonic War because there kept being bombings and things

Imported Slavery Closure

1808

Legal closure, but more smuggling

Madison's Presidency

Non-Intercourse Act

1809 - 1810

Trade with everyone but Britain and France, replaced Embargo Act

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Against England and their Indian allies. Treasury weakened, first time nationalism develops, etc. We lost. Then, Jackson didn't know we lost, so he used it as an excuse to attack some Indians. Technically, he won that last battle. Sort of makes people think they won and gives Jackson higher approval ratings.

Lowell

1814

Opened first textile mill --> factory big business yeah
Used water power, which was called the Waltham System
Textiles usually a woman or child's work, encouraged female independence and working

Treaty of Ghent

1814

Said we would give the Natives all their land taken in battle, but the govt. didn’t feel like stopping citizens from getting it, especially since that made them money

Federalist Convention thing

1814

Met up in Hartford to try to fix some things... no 3/5 compromise, restrictions on Congress declaring war, only natural citizens in Congress, etc.

Misc.

Hamilton's First Report on the Public Credit

1789

Addressed everything, grand plan to promote industry after British model... Paterson falls = power = large industrial hub
BUS!
Favored strong central govt.

Mutual Aid Societies

1814

Organized in Philly for African Americans--children education n shi

American Colonization Society

1816

Formed to send blacks back to Liberia.

National Sunday School Union

1817

Formed in Philly--reflected even more branching out in terms of religion, like African American churches and denominational publishing houses and such.

Monroe's Presidency

Erie Canal

1817

Mayor Clinton convinced NY to build the canal with tax money ($5 per capita)

Steamboats

1817

Started become more and more popular; people started owning rights to use of water, i.e. Fulton with NY waters.

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

MA tried to tax Baltimore branch of national bank; states can’t tax (destroy) parts of the federal government

Darmouth v. Woodward

1819

NH wanted to edit original British charter of Dartmouth College, ruled that they couldn’t; rights of people are best protected through rights of contract

Transcontinental Treaty

1819

Spain gave Florida to US and in return the US agreed to pay $5 million claims against Spain made by Americans; defined more clearly Mexican border and US gave up Texas and Louisiana

Panic of 1819

1819

Credit collapsed in Cincinnati

Factoid about commerce y'all

1820

Napoleonic wars = fewer jobs in Europe = lots of ports and cities on the east coast = lots of immigration, etc. etc.

In the south, slavery managed to preserve a mostly agrarian lifestyle. The south had some manufacturing in the form of textile mills, iron foundries, lumber mills, etc. and some supported trade and communication greatly.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Henry Clay that Missouri enter as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and for the future there could be slavery in the Arkansas Territory but not in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase area

Frontier

1822

Open! Yay settlers!

Gibbons v. Ogden

1824

Fulton had a monopoly over sailing in NY, and he gave Ogden a monopoly over the Hudson, which conflicted with Gibbons’ recently paid for rights to sail; court ruled in favor of Gibbons and federal government