Cold War

Cold War

Cold War

February 1945 - August 1991

WW2 Ends

August 14, 1945

Marshall Plan Anounced

June 1947

Communist Takeover in Czechoslovakia

February, 1948

Berlin Blockade

June 24 1948 - May 12 1949

NATO Ratified

July, 1949

Soviets Explode First Atomic Bomb

September, 1949

Korean War

June, 1950 - May 19 1953

Vietnam Split at 17th Parallel

July 1954

Warsaw Pact Formed

April 1955

Sputnik Launched Into Orbit

October 4, 1957

Cuba Taken Over by Fidel Castro

January 1959

Khrushchev Visits United States; Denied Access to Disneyland

September 1959

Soviet Union Reveals that a U.S. Spy Plane Was Shot Down Over Soviet Territory

May 1960

John F. Kennedy elected President

November 1960

Bay of Pigs invasion

April 1961

Kennedy requests 25% spending increase for military

July 1961

U.S. involvement in Vietnam increased

1962

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas

November 1963

U.S. Marines sent to Dominican Republic to fight Communism

April, 1965

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

July 20, 1969

President Nixon extends Vietnam War to Cambodia

April 1970

SALT I signed

July 1972

United States helps overthrow Chile government

September 1973

President Nixon resigns

August 1974

North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam

April 17, 1975

1979: July -- SALT II signed

July 1979

President Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative

1983

Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to power in Soviet Union

1985

Reagan and Gorbachev agree to remove all medium and short-range nuclear missiles

October 1987

Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan

January 1989

China puts down protests for democracy; Poland becomes independent

June 1989 - August 1989

Hungary becomes independent

September 1989

Berlin Wall falls

November 1989

Communism falls in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania; Soviet empire ends

December 1989 - 1990

Lithuania becomes independent

March 1990

1990: May 29 -- Boris Yeltsin elected to presidency of Russia

May 29 1990

Germany reunited

October 1990

1991: April -- Warsaw Pact ends

April 1991

End of Soviet Union

July 30 1991 - August 1991