Declan's World History Timeline

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Genghis khan

1200 - 1206

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one. In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

Jin Empire

1211

northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia. Angered by the murder of Mongol traders and an ambas- sador at the hands of the Muslims, Genghis launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia.

Empire was under Mongol controll

1225

By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control,

Genghis khan

1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness, His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.

Mongols divided empire

1260

By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates

Marco Polo

1275

The most famous European to visit China in these years was a young Venetian trader, Marco Polo. He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275

Great khan

1281

again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan. The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea.

Kublai khan

1294

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade, Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.

India

Mauryan and Gupta empire

Greeks, Persians, & central Asians moved to N. India

185

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India.

Asoka died in 232 bc

232

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

Asoka Became king of the mairyan empire in 269 B.C.

269

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne.

301

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka

Mauryan empire

303

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”

320

After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320.

Mauryan empire

321

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

samudra Gupta, became king in A.D. 335

335

His son samudra Gupta, became king in

Chandra Gupta ll ruled

375 - 415

This allowed the Guptas to engage in profitable trade with the Mediterranean world. Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415

Overrun by Huns

535

These fierce fighters, called the Hunas, were related to the Huns who invaded the Roman Empire. Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535

Europe

Cosimo de Medici he won control of Florence’s government.

1434

In 1434 Cosimo de Medici he won control of Florence’s government.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive.

Turks

1453

Third, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Became a great king

1460

His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici,

1469

His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469.

Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475–1564

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475–1564Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Baldassare Castiglione

1523