History Timeline By: Nicholas Taglieri

Mongols

Genghis Khan Unifies Mongols

1200 - 1206

In 1200 a clan leader named Temujin tried to unify the Mongol territories. In 1206 Temujin accepted the title of Genghis Khan or " universal ruler" over the Mongols.

Genghis Khan invades the Northern Jin

1211

Genghis Khan's plan was to invade China after first invading the Jin. After this he turned his attention to the Islamic region of Mongolia.

Central Asia Under Mongol rule

1225

The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants. By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis Khan Dies

1227

Genghis Khan dies from an illness. His successors continued to expand the empire.

The mongol empire is divided, and Great Khan gets his title

1260

By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates. Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, assumed the title Great Khan in 1260.

Marco Polo arrives at the court

1275

In 1275 Marco Polo arrived at the Great Khan's palace. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions. Polo served the Great Khan well for 17 years.

Kublai (great) Khan invades Japan

1281

After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets to secure the island.

Kublai (Great) Khan Dies

1294

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.

India

Mauryan Empire

Chandragupta gains the throne

321 B.C

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

First Unified India

303 B.C

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Switch of Power

301 B.C

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years.

Asoka becomes king

269 B.C

Asoka dies

232 B.C

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

New People

185 B.C

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society. But they also introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.

Chandra Gupta builds an Empire

320 A.D

The first Gupta emperor came to power not through battle but by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family. After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320.

Samundra Gupta take the throne

335 A.D

His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

Chandra Gupta II ruled

375 A.D

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

Chandra Gupta II loses power

415 A.D

In 415 A.D Chandra Gupta II gave up the throne.

The empire ended

535 A.D

Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535 A.D.

Timur destroyed Delhi

1398

Babur Inherited the Empire

1494

Babur defeated an army

1526

In 1526 Babur a general led 12,000 troops to victory against an army of 100,000 commanded by a Delhi Sultan.

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Babur's Grandson Akbar ruled India with wisdom and tolerance.

Taj Mahal

1631

Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 giving birth to her 14th child. To remember her a shrine called the Taj Mahal was built.

Shah Jahan

1657

When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.

Aurangzeb ruled

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb ruled India. He expanded Mughals to their greatest size.

Renaissance

Cosimo de Medici takes control of Florence

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European of his time. In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government.

Leonardo Da Vinci's life span

1452 - 1519

In his life he accomplished many things and made many inventions.

Turks conquer contantinople

1453

Scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453

Lorenzo de Medici comes to power

1469

Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Michelangelo Buonarroti's life span

1475 - 1564

Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

The Courtier is written

1528

Baldassare Castiglione