Luther Chronology

Main

Reformation of the Emperor Sigisimund

1439

anon
anti-papal

Holy Roman Emperor of the German Nation

1486 - 1487

Luther goes to Rome

1510

Tumerlebnis - Tower Experience

1516

Luther has moment of realisation - salvation sola fide

The 95 Theses

31 October 1517

95 Theses - set out Luther's opposition to indulgences

AB of Mainz forwards 95 Theses to Rome

January 1518

Debate at Leipzig

July 1519

Against Johannes Eck
with Andreas Karlstadt who had published his 406 theses whilst Luther at Heidelburg

Luther's teaching condemned by Cologne University

30 August 1519

resposnse to debate at Leipzig

Luther's teaching condemned by Louvain

30 November 1519

response to debate at Leipzig

'Exsurge Domine'

15 June 1520

condemns 41 articles of Luther as heretical
60 days to recant

'Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation'

August 1520

Rome has girdled itself round with 3 walls
vernacular

'On the Babylonish Captivity of the Church'

October 1520

latin

'The Freedom of a Christian Man'

December 1520

Luther burns Bull

10 December 1520

'Decet Romanum'

3 January 1521

excommunication

'Against the Bull of the Antichrist'

February 1521

Popes

Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia)

1492 - 1502

Blatantly corrupt - prostitutes at parties in vatican + carved out kingdom from papal states for son Cesare

Julius II

1503 - 1513

Warrior Pope - exploits in armour
possibly homosexual
'Julius Exclusus' written about him - possibly by Erasmus

Leo X

1513 - 1521

massive scale indulgences for rebuilding of St Peter's in Rome
raised half a million ducats by selling 2000 church offices (simony)

Background/External Events

Urban II grants absolution for crusade

1095

Papal Bull 'Ugenitus'

1342

papacy has power to dispense from treasury of merit

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

Council of Constance

1414 - 1416

Execution of Jan Hus

1415

Had travelled to council of constance under imperial safe conduct and was subsequently burned

General Council of the Church at Basel

1431 - 1449

Concordat of Vienna

1448 - 1449

Governs papal relations with the HRE

Nicholas V starts rebuilding of St Peter's

1450 - 1451

Papal Bull 'Salvator Noster' - Sixtus IV

1476

extends indulgences to souls in purgatory

The Dagger of a Christian Gentleman

1504

Written by Erasmus

In Praise of Folly

1509

Erasmus

Julius Exclusus

1513

probable author = Erasmus

Papal Bull 'Sacrosanctis'

1515

issuing of indulgence for building of St Peter's
while it was being proclaimed all other indulgences stopped

Greek New Testament

1516

Erasmus
Important as Luther wrote vernacular New Testament (1522) using it

'Vadiscus'

1518

written by Ulrich von Hutten
german nationalism/anti-papalism