History of the Common Law

Main

Norman Conquest

1066

Eyre Courts

1175 - 1300

Serjeants at CCP

1200

Magna Carta

1215

King's bench

1234 - 1875

Late Middle

1300 - 1450

Late Middle Ages

Serjeants monopoly at CCP

1300

Black Death

1348 - 1349

Renaissance

1350 - 1600

Solicitors appeared in Chancery and Star Chamber

1400

Early Modern

1450 - 1600

Star Chamber

1550 - 1641

England Criminal

Frankenpledge

1066 - 1499

Assize of Clarendon

1166

"presentment system" (jury of accusation)

Hue and Cry

1200 - 1299

Statute of Winchester of 1285

Abolition of the Ordeals

1215

Fourth Lateran Council, Canon 18

prison forte et dure

1275

death by crushing if you did not "elect" for jury trial

Assize Circuits

1300 - 1972

Quarter Sessions with Felony Jurisdiction

1300 - 1400

If Assize was also sitting

no treason without indictment

1352

Quarter Sessions for lesser crimes

1400 - 1599

Could receive indictments for felonies

Marian Committal Statute

1555

pretrial procedures for JPs

refuse to plead => guilty

1772

trial with or without consent

1827

England Civil

Exchequer

1176 - 1875

Court of Common Pleas

1178 - 1875

Parliament as a Court

1258 - 1308

during Edward I

Assize Circuits

1273 - 1972

Chancery

1300 - 1875

Disqualifictaion for interest (parties)

1500

Disqualification for interest (non-parties)

1600

Law French (and Latin) Abolished

1731

Act of 1731

Supreme Court of Judicature Act

1875

Chancery, KB, CCB, Exchequer => Supreme Court of Judicature

Church Courts

Legal specialists

1100 - 1200

Judicial bureaucracy

1200 - 1800

Pledge of Faith

1400 - 1500

Education

Corpus Juris Civilis taught at Oxford

1190

non-educational Inns of Court

1300 - 1400

Educational Inns of Court

1400 - 1642

Lincoln's Inn, Gray's Inn, Middle Temple, Inner Temple

Doctor's Commons

1490 - 1858

civil law practitioners

non-educational Inns of Court

1660 - 2000

Jury Trials

Writings given to jury

1200

Deed Witnesses

1208 - 1489

defendants, character witnesses, and onlookers might speak

1300

Sheriff must deliver names of jurors to court 4 days pre-trial

1368

Counsels informing jury pre-trial

1412

Must deliver names of jurors to court 6 days pre-trial

1427

Subpoenas

1500

Statute - only 2 jurors have to be from same hundred

1585

KB - If jury has outside knowledge of case, he must be examined under oath

1650